JLPT level N3 Kanji list from JLPTstudy.net
This homepage by Matti Naskali, 2015 Jan.04



301

street, ward, town, counter for guns, tools, even number, 4th calendar sign
ひのと
チョウ, テイ, チン, トウ, チ
Compounds:
丁目 ちょうめ district of a town, city block (of irregular size) (n)
庖丁 ほうちょう kitchen knife, carving knife (n)

302

both, old Japanese coin, counter for carriages (eg, in a train), two
てる, ふたつ
リョウ
Compounds:
両者 りょうしゃ pair, the two, both persons, both things (n)
両替 りょうがえ change, money exchange (n, vs)
両方 りょうほう both sides, both parties (n)
両面 りょうめん both sides, two sides (n)
両立 りょうりつ compatibility, coexistence, standing together (n, vs)

303

round, full, month, perfection, -ship, pills, make round
まる, まる.める, まる.い
ガン
Compounds:
丸味 まるみ roundness, rotundity (n)
丸める まるめる to make round, to roll up, to curl up, to seduce, to explain away (Ichidan verb, vt)
日の丸 ひのまる outline of the sun (esp. represented as a red circle), the Japanese flag (n)

304

beforehand, previous, myself, I
あらかじ.め
ヨ, シャ
Compounds:
猶予 ゆうよ postponement, deferment, extension (of time) (n, vs)
予感 よかん presentiment, premonition (n, vs)
予期 よき expectation, assume will happen, forecast (n, vs)
予告 よこく advance notice, previous note, preliminary announcement (n, vs)
予算 よさん estimate, budget (n, vs)

305

contend, dispute, argue
あらそ.う, いか.でか
ソウ
Compounds:
競争 きょうそう competition, contest, to compete (n, vs)
戦争 せんそう war (n, vs)
争い あらそい dispute, strife, quarrel, dissension, conflict, rivalry, contest (n)
争う あらそう to compete, to contest, to contend, to quarrel, to argue, to dispute, to be at variance, to oppose, (usu. in negative form) to deny (eg evidence) (v5s, intransitive verb)
争議 そうぎ dispute, quarrel, strike (n)

306

mingle, mixing, association, coming and going
まじ.わる, まじ.える, ま.じる, まじ.る, ま.ざる, ま.ぜる, -か.う, か.わす, かわ.す, こもごも
コウ
Compounds:
外交 がいこう diplomacy (n)
交わる まじわる to cross, to intersect, to associate with, to mingle with, to interest, to join (v5r, intransitive verb)
交換 こうかん exchange, interchange, switching, reciprocity, barter, substitution, replacement, clearing (of checks, cheques) (n, vs)
交響曲 こうきょうきょく symphony (n)
交互 こうご mutual, reciprocal, alternate (n, adj-no)

307

other, another, the others
ほか

Compounds:
他 ほか other (esp. places and things), the rest (adj-no, n, n-adv)
他殺 たさつ a murder (n)
他方 たほう another side, different direction, (on) the other hand (adv, n)
他人 あだびと another person, unrelated person, outsider, stranger (n)

308

adhere, attach, refer to, append
つ.ける, -つ.ける, -づ.ける, つ.け, つ.け-, -つ.け, -づ.け, -づけ, つ.く, -づ.く, つ.き, -つ.き, -つき, -づ.き, -づき

Compounds:
近付く ちかづく to approach, to get near, to get acquainted with, to get closer (v5k)
近付ける ちかづける to bring near, to put close, to let come near, to associate with (Ichidan verb, vt)
跡片付け あとかたづけ tidying up, cleaning, clearing away, putting in order (n, vs)
交付 こうふ delivering, furnishing (with copies) (n, vs)
受付ける うけつける to be accepted, to receive (an application) (Ichidan verb, vt)

309

orders, ancient laws, command, decree
レイ
Compounds:
法令 ほうれい laws and ordinances, acts (of parliament, congress, etc.) (n)
命令 めいれい order, command, decree, directive, (software) instruction (n, vs)
年令 ねんれい age, years (n)

310

go-between, relationship
なか
チュウ
Compounds:
仲断 ちゅうだん interruption, suspension, break (n, vs)
仲 なか relation, relationship (n)
仲介 ちゅうかい agency, intermediation (n, vs)
仲間 なかま company, fellow, colleague, associate, comrade, mate, group, circle of friends, partner (n)
仲裁 ちゅうさい arbitration, intercession, mediation (n, vs)

311

transmit, go along, walk along, follow, report, communicate, legend, tradition
つた.わる, つた.える, つた.う, つだ.う, -づた.い, つて
デン, テン
Compounds:
遺伝 いでん heredity, inherent (adj-na, n, vs)
手伝い てつだい helper, assistant, help (n)
手伝う てつだう to help, to assist, to take part in (v5s, vt)
宣伝 せんでん propaganda, publicity, advertisement, advertising (n, vs)
伝う つたう to go along, to walk along, to follow (v5s)

312

rank, grade, throne, crown, about, some
くらい, ぐらい

Compounds:
各位 かくい everyone, ladies and gentlemen, attention media representatives (eg heading on a press release) (n)
学位 がくい (university) degree (n)
順位 じゅんい order, rank, precedence (n)
単位 たんい unit, denomination, credit (in school) (n)
地位 ちい (social) position, status (n)

313

example, custom, usage, precedent
たと.える
レイ
Compounds:
恒例 こうれい established practice, established practise, custom (n)
実例 じつれい example, illustration, precedent (n)
条例 じょうれい regulations, rules, laws, acts, ordinance (n)
先例 せんれい precedent (n)
前例 ぜんれい precedent (n)

314

person in charge, connection, duty, concern oneself
かか.る, かかり, -がかり, かか.わる
ケイ
Compounds:
関係 かんけい relation, connection (n, vs)
無関係 むかんけい unrelated (adj-na, n, adj-no)
係り かかり official, duty, person in charge (n)

315

faith, truth, fidelity, trust
シン
Compounds:
確信 かくしん conviction, belief, confidence (n, vs)
自信 じしん self-confidence (n, vs)
受信 じゅしん reception (eg radio), receipt (n, vs)
信じる しんじる to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in (Ichidan verb, vt)
信ずる しんずる to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in (Ichidan verb - zuru verb (alternative form of -jiru verbs), vt)

316

godown, warehouse, storehouse, cellar, treasury
くら
ソウ
Compounds:
倉庫 そうこ storehouse, warehouse, godown (n)

317

double, twice, times, fold
バイ
Compounds:
倍 ばい twice, double, times, -fold (n, suffix)
倍増 ばいぞう double (n, vs)
倍率 ばいりつ magnification, leverage, amplification, scaling factor, scale factor (n)

318

climate, season, weather
そうろう
コウ
Compounds:
気候 きこう climate (n)
候補 こうほ candidate, contender, prospect, pick, choice, list (n)
天候 てんこう weather (n)
立候補 りっこうほ announcing candidacy (n, vs)
徴候 ちょうこう sign, indication, omen, symptom (n)

319

halt, stopping
と.める, と.まる
テイ
Compounds:
調停 ちょうてい arbitration, conciliation, mediation (n, vs)
停学 ていがく suspension from school (n)
停止 ていし suspension, interruption, stoppage, ban, standstill, halt (n, vs)
停車 ていしゃ stopping (eg train) (n, vs)
停滞 ていたい stagnation, tie-up, congestion, retention, accumulation, falling into arrears (n, vs)

320

healthy, health, strength, persistence
すこ.やか
ケン
Compounds:
穏健 おんけん quiet, dependable, uniform, (politically) moderate (adj-na, n)
健やか すこやか vigorous, healthy, sound (adj-na, n)
健康 けんこう health, sound, wholesome (adj-na, n)
健全 けんぜん health, soundness, wholesome (adj-na, n)
保健 ほけん health preservation, hygiene, sanitation (n)

321

ide, lean, oppose, regret
かわ, がわ, そば
ソク
Compounds:
縁側 えんがわ veranda, porch, balcony, open corridor (n)
側面 そくめん side, flank, sidelight, lateral (n)
内側 うちがわ inside, interior, inner part (n)
片側 かたがわ one side (n)
側 わき side, aside, armpit, back-burner (n)

322

hundred million, 10**8
オク
Compounds:
億 おく 10^8, 100,000,000, hundred million (numeric)

323

portent, 10**12, trillion, sign, omen, symptoms
きざ.す, きざ.し
チョウ
Compounds:
兆 ちょう sign, omen, indication, portent, 10^12, 1,000,000,000,000, trillion (American), (obs) billion (British) (numeric)

324

newborn babe, child, young of animals
こ, -こ, -っこ
ジ, ニ, ゲイ
Compounds:
育児 いくじ childcare, nursing, upbringing (n, vs)
児 こ child, young (animal), young woman, young geisha, offshoot, interest, new shares, bird egg, (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women) (n, n-suf, n-suf)
児童 じどう children, juvenile (n)
女の児 おんなのコ girl (n)
小児科 しょうにか pediatrics (n)

325

whole, entire, all, complete, fulfill
まった.く, すべ.て
ゼン
Compounds:
安全 あんぜん safety, security (adj-na, n)
完全 かんぜん perfection, completeness (adj-na, n)
健全 けんぜん health, soundness, wholesome (adj-na, n)
全員 ぜんいん all members (unanimity), all hands, the whole crew, everyone, everybody (n-adv, n)
全集 ぜんしゅう complete works (n)

326

public, prince, official, governmental
おおやけ
コウ, ク
Compounds:
公営 こうえい public management (n)
公園 こうえん (public) park (n)
公演 こうえん public performance, sumo exhibition in a foreign country (n, vs)
公開 こうかい open to the public (n, vs, adj-no)
公害 こうがい pollution, public nuisance, contamination (n)

327

ogether, both, neither, all, and, alike, with
とも, とも.に, -ども
キョウ
Compounds:
何共 なんとも nothing (with neg. verb), quite, not a bit (adv)
共に ともに sharing with, participate in, both, alike, together, along with, with, including (adv, vs)
共稼ぎ ともかせぎ working together, (husband and wife) earning a living together (n, vs)
共感 きょうかん sympathy, empathy, response (n, vs)
共産主義 きょうさんしゅぎ communism, collectivism (n)

328

soldier, private, troops, army, warfare, strategy, tactics
つわもの
ヘイ, ヒョウ
Compounds:
核兵器 かくへいき nuclear weapons (n)
徴兵 ちょうへい conscription, recruitment, enlistment (n, vs)
兵器 へいき arms, weapons, ordinance (n)
兵士 へいし soldier (n)
兵隊 へいたい soldier, sailor (n)

329

tool, utensil, means, possess, ingredients, counter for armor, suits, sets of furniture
そな.える, つぶさ.に

Compounds:
雨具 あまぐ rain gear (n)
家具 かぐ furniture (n)
絵具 えのぐ colors, colours, paints (n)
玩具 がんぐ toy (n)
器具 きぐ utensil (n)

330

code, ceremony, law, rule
テン, デン
Compounds:
古典 こてん old book, classics, classic (n)
典型 てんけい type, pattern, archetypal (n, adj-no)
典型的 てんけいてき typical, prototypical, representative, stereotypical, model, ideal (adj-na)
ことば典 ことばてん dictionary (n)
百科辞典 ひゃっかじてん encyclopedia (encyclopaedia) (n)

331

inside, within, between, among, house, home
うち
ナイ, ダイ
Compounds:
案内 あんない information, guidance, leading, to guide, to show (around), to conduct (n, vs)
以内 いない within, inside of, less than (n, n-suf)
屋内 おくない indoor (court, pool, etc.) (n)
家内 かない (my) wife, inside the home, one's family (n)
境内 けいだい compound, grounds (n)

332

cool, cold (beer, person), chill
つめ.たい, ひ.える, ひ.や, ひ.ややか, ひ.やす, ひ.やかす, さ.める, さ.ます
レイ
Compounds:
寒冷 かんれい cold, coldness, chilliness (adj-na, n)
冷える ひえる to grow cold, to get chilly, to cool down (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
冷え込む ひえこむ to get colder, to get chilled (v5m, intransitive verb)
冷たい つべたい cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling (adj)
冷める さめる to become cool, to come down (fever), to cool down (interest), to abate, to subside, to dampen (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)

333

sword, saber, knife
かたな, そり
トウ
Compounds:
刀 とう (single-edged) sword, katana, dagger, knife, scalpel (n)

334

file, row, rank, tier, column
レツ, レ
Compounds:
系列 けいれつ series, sequence, system, order of succession, keiretsu (conglomeration of businesses linked by cross-shareholdings) (n)
行列 ぎょうれつ line, procession, matrix (n, vs, n)
整列 せいれつ standing in a row, forming a line, alignment (n, vs)
直列 ちょくれつ series (eg electrical), serial (n, adj-f)
陳列 ちんれつ exhibition, display, show (n, vs)

335

first time, beginning
はじ.め, はじ.めて, はつ, はつ-, うい-, -そ.める, -ぞ.め
ショ
Compounds:
最初 さいしょ beginning, outset, first, onset (adj-no, n-adv, n-t)
初 はつ first, new (n, adj-no, n-suf)
初夏 はつなつ early summer, fourth month of the lunar calendar (n)
初期 しょき early (days), initial stage, (computer) initial (n, adj-no)
初級 しょきゅう elementary level (n)

336

profit, advantage, benefit
き.く

Compounds:
営利 えいり money-making, commercialized, commercialised (n)
金利 きんり interest rates (n)
権利 けんり right, privilege (n)
勝利 しょうり victory, triumph, conquest, success, win (n, vs)
不利 ふり disadvantage, handicap, unfavorable, unfavourable, drawback (adj-na, n)

337

printing, print
す.る, -ず.り, -ずり, は.く
サツ
Compounds:
印刷 いんさつ printing (n, vs)

338

vice-, duplicate, copy
フク
Compounds:
副作用 ふくさよう reaction, secondary effect, side effect (n)
副 とりわけ especially, above all (adv, n)

339

achievement, merits, success, honor, credit
いさお
コウ, ク
Compounds:
功夫 くふう device, scheme, devising, scheming, dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation) (n, vs)
成功 せいこう success, hit (n, vs)

340

add, addition, increase, join, include, Canada
くわ.える, くわ.わる

Compounds:
加える くわえる to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict (Ichidan verb, vt)
加わる くわわる to join in, to accede to, to increase, to gain in (influence) (v5r, intransitive verb)
加害者 かがいしゃ assailant (n)
加減 かげん addition and subtraction, allowance for, degree, extent, measure, condition, state of health, seasoning, flavor, flavour, moderation, adjustment, influence (of the weather), chance (n, adj-na)
加工 かこう manufacturing, processing, treatment, machining (n, vs)

341

help, rescue, assist
たす.ける, たす.かる, す.ける, すけ
ジョ
Compounds:
援助 えんじょ assistance, aid, support (n, vs)
救助 きゅうじょ relief, aid, rescue (n, vs)
助かる たすかる to be saved, to be rescued, to survive, to be helpful (v5r, intransitive verb)
助教授 じょきょうじゅ assistant professor (n)
助詞 じょし particle, postposition (n)

342

toil, diligent, as much as possible
つと.める

Compounds:
努力 どりょく great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort (n, vs)

343

labor, thank for, reward for, toil, trouble
ろう.する, いたわ.る, いた.ずき, ねぎら, つか.れる, ねぎら.う
ロウ
Compounds:
ご苦労様 ごくろうさま thank you very much for your ..., I appreciate your efforts (exp, adj-na)
過労 かろう overwork, strain (n)
勤労 きんろう labor, labour, exertion, diligent service (n, vs)
苦労 くろう troubles, hardships (adj-na, n, vs)
疲労 ひろう fatigue, weariness (n, vs)

344

ourage, cheer up, be in high spirits, bravery, heroism
いさ.む
ユウ
Compounds:
勇ましい いさましい brave, valiant, gallant, courageous (adj)
勇敢 ゆうかん brave, heroic, gallant (adj-na)
勇気 ゆうき courage, bravery, valour, valor, nerve, boldness (n)

345

victory, win, prevail, excel
か.つ, -が.ち, まさ.る, すぐ.れる, かつ
ショウ
Compounds:
決勝 けっしょう decision of a contest, finals (in sports) (n)
勝手 かって one's own convenience, one's way, convenience or ease of use, knowledge of how to use, circumstances, situation (eg financial), environment, kitchen, arbitrary (adj-na, n)
勝敗 しょうはい victory or defeat, issue (of battle) (n)
勝負 しょうぶ victory or defeat, match, contest, game, bout (n, vs)
勝利 しょうり victory, triumph, conquest, success, win (n, vs)

346

wrap, pack up, cover, conceal
つつ.む, くる.む
ホウ
Compounds:
包み つつみ bundle, package, parcel, bale (n)
包囲 ほうい siege, encirclement, envelopment (n, vs)
包装 ほうそう packing, wrapping (n, vs)
包む つつむ to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in, to conceal, to hide, to be engulfed in, to be enveloped by (v5m, vt, v5m)
小包み こづつみ parcel, package (n)

347

change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
ば.ける, ば.かす, ふ.ける, け.する
カ, ケ
Compounds:
御化け おばけ goblin, apparition, monster, ghost (n)
あっ化 あっか (suffer) deterioration, growing worse, aggravation, degeneration, corruption (n, vs)
化ける ばける to appear in disguise, to take the form of, to change for the worse, to corrupt (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
化学 ばけがく chemistry, chemical (company) (n)
化石 かせき fossil, petrifaction, fossilization, fossilisation (n, vs)

348

graduate, soldier, private, die
そっ.する, お.える, お.わる, ついに, にわか
ソツ, シュツ
Compounds:
卒業 そつぎょう graduation, completion (eg of a course), outgrowing something, moving on (n, vs)
卒先 そっせん taking the initiative (n, vs)
卒直 そっちょく frankness, candour, candor, openheartedness (adj-na, n)

349

o-, cooperation
キョウ
Compounds:
協議 きょうぎ conference, consultation, discussion, negotiation (n, vs)
妥協 だきょう compromise, giving in (n, vs)
農協 のうきょう agricultural cooperative (n)
協同 きょうどう doing together (as equals), sharing, cooperation, co-operation, collaboration (n, vs)

350

simple, one, single, merely
ひとえ
タン
Compounds:
単なる たんなる mere, simple, sheer (adj-pn)
単に たんに simply, merely, only, solely (adv, n)
単位 たんい unit, denomination, credit (in school) (n)
単一 たんいつ single, simple, sole, individual, unitary (adj-na, n)
単語 たんご word, vocabulary, (usually) single-character word (n)

351

Dr., command, esteem, win acclaim, Ph.D., exposition, fair
ハク, バク
Compounds:
博愛 はくあい charity, benevolence, philanthropy, (love for) humanity (n)
博士 はくし doctorate, PhD, Dr (as a title), expert, learned person (n, n-suf, n)
博物館 はくぶつかん museum (n)
博覧会 はくらんかい fair, exhibition, exposition (n)

352

stamp, seal, mark, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence, souvenir, India
しるし, -じるし, しる.す
イン
Compounds:
印鑑 いんかん stamp, seal (n)
印刷 いんさつ printing (n, vs)
印紙 いんし (revenue) stamp (n)
印象 いんしょう impression (n, vs)
調印 ちょういん signature, signing, sealing (n, vs)

353

meadow, original, primitive, field, plain, prairie, tundra, wilderness
はら
ゲン
Compounds:
原っぱ はらっぱ open field, empty lot, plain (n)
原因 げんいん cause, origin, source (n, vs)
原稿 げんこう manuscript, copy (n)
原稿用紙 げんこうようし Japanese writing paper (n)
原告 げんこく plaintiff, accuser, prosecutor (n)

354

nonplussed, three, going, coming, visiting, visit, be defeated, die
まい.る, まい-, まじわる, みつ
サン, シン
Compounds:
御参り おまいり worship, shrine visit (n, vs)
降参 こうさん giving in to (n, vs)
参る まいる to go, to come, to call, to visit (shrine, grave) (v5r)
参加 さんか participation (n, vs)
参議院 さんぎいん House of Councillors (n)

355

anti-
そ.る, そ.らす, かえ.す, かえ.る, -かえ.る
ハン, ホン, タン, ホ
Compounds:
反する はんする to be inconsistent with, to oppose, to contradict (suru verb - special class)
反応 はんのう reaction, response (n, vs)
反感 はんかん antipathy, revolt, animosity (n)
反響 はんきょう echo, reverberation, repercussion, reaction, influence (n, vs)
反撃 はんげき counterattack, counteroffensive, counterblow (n, vs)

356

take, fetch, take up
と.る, と.り, と.り-, とり, -ど.り
シュ
Compounds:
引取る ひきとる to take charge of, to take over, to retire to a private place (v5r, vt)
横取り よこどり usurpation, snatching, seizure (n, vs)
採取 さいしゅ picking, collecting, harvesting (n, vs)
搾取 さくしゅ exploitation, squeezing, sweating (n, vs)
取り扱う とりあつかう to treat, to handle, to deal in (v5s, vt)

357

accept, undergo, answer (phone), take, get, catch, receive
う.ける, -う.け, う.かる
ジュ
Compounds:
感受性 かんじゅせい sensitivity (n)
受かる うかる to pass (examination) (v5r, intransitive verb)
受けつぐ うけつぐ to inherit, to succeed, to take over (v5g, vt)
受け止める うけとめる to catch, to stop the blow, to react to, to take (Ichidan verb, vt)
受け持つ うけもつ to take (be in) charge of (v5t, vt)

358

history, chronicle

Compounds:
史上 しじょう historical (adj-no, n-adv, n-t)
歴史 れきし history (n)
歴史的 れきしてき historic, historical, traditional (adj-na)

359

nickname, number, item, title, pseudonym, name, call
さけ.ぶ, よびな
ゴウ
Compounds:
記号 きごう symbol, code, sign (n, adj-no)
元号 げんごう era name (n)
号 ごう number, edition, make, model, issue, part of that group, sobriquet, pen-name (n, n-suf)
信号 しんごう traffic lights, signal, semaphore (n, vs)
年号 ねんごう name of an era, year number (n)

360

director, official, govt office, rule, administer
つかさど.る

Compounds:
司会 しかい chairmanship, leading a meeting (n, vs)
司法 しほう administration of justice (n)
上司 じょうし superior authorities, boss (n)

361

each, every, either
おのおの
カク
Compounds:
各位 かくい everyone, ladies and gentlemen, attention media representatives (eg heading on a press release) (n)
各自 かくじ individual, each (n-adv, n-t)
各 おのおの each, every, either, respectively, severally (n-t)

362

yonder, facing, beyond, confront, defy, tend toward, approach
む.く, む.い, -む.き, む.ける, -む.け, む.かう, む.かい, む.こう, む.こう-, むこ, むか.い
コウ
Compounds:
あお向け あおむけ face up (n)
傾向 けいこう tendency, trend, inclination (n, vs)
後向き うしろむき back facing, turning one's back to (n)
向き むき direction, orientation, aspect, situation, exposure, suitability, tendency (adj-na, n, n-suf)
向こう むこう opposite side, other side, opposite direction, over there, that way, far away, beyond, the other party, the other person, future (starting now) (n)

363

old boy, name-suffix
きみ, -ぎみ
クン
Compounds:
諸君 しょくん Gentlemen!, Ladies! (n)

364

revelation, tell, inform, announce
つ.げる
コク
Compounds:
警告 けいこく warning, advice (n, vs)
原告 げんこく plaintiff, accuser, prosecutor (n)
広告 こうこく advertisement (n, vs)
告げる つげる to inform (Ichidan verb, vt)
告訴 こくそ accusation, complaint (n, vs)

365

circumference, circuit, lap
まわ.り
シュウ
Compounds:
周 ぐるり surroundings (n)
周囲 しゅうい surroundings, environs, circumference (n)
周期 しゅうき cycle, period (n)
周辺 しゅうへん circumference, outskirts, around, in the area of (n)

366

fate, command, decree, destiny, life, appoint
いのち
メイ, ミョウ
Compounds:
一生けん命 いっしょうけんめい very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life (adj-na, n-adv, n)
運命 うんめい fate (n)
革命 かくめい revolution, 58th year of the sexagenary cycle (in onmyou-dou) (n)
使命 しめい mission, errand, message (n)
寿命 じゅみょう life span (n)

367

harmony, Japanese style, peace, soften, Japan
やわ.らぐ, やわ.らげる, なご.む, なご.やか
ワ, オ, カ
Compounds:
英和 えいわ English-Japanese (eg dictionary) (n)
緩和 かんわ relief, mitigation (n, vs)
講和 こうわ peace, conclude peace (n, vs)
昭和 しょうわ Showa era (1926.12.25-1989.1.7) (n)
中和 ちゅうわ neutralize, neutralise, counteract (adj-na, n, vs)

368

hant, recite, call upon, yell
とな.える
ショウ
Compounds:
合唱 がっしょう chorus, singing in a chorus (n, vs)
首唱 しゅしょう advocacy, promotion (n, vs)

369

ake a deal, selling, dealing in, merchant
あきな.う
ショウ
Compounds:
商業 しょうぎょう commerce, trade, business (n)
商社 しょうしゃ trading company, firm (n)
商談 しょうだん business discussion, negotiation (n, vs)
商店 しょうてん shop, business firm (n)
商売 しょうばい trade, business, commerce, transaction, occupation (n, vs)

370

rejoice, take pleasure in
よろこ.ぶ, よろこ.ばす

Compounds:
喜劇 きげき comedy, funny show (n)
大喜び おおよろこび great joy (adj-na, n)
喜ばす よろこばす to delight, to give pleasure (v5s)

371

utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, ability, container, tool, set
うつわ

Compounds:
核兵器 かくへいき nuclear weapons (n)
楽器 がっき musical instrument (n)
器 うつわ bowl, vessel, container, ability, capacity, calibre, caliber (n)
器官 きかん organ (of body), instrument (n)
器具 きぐ utensil (n)

372

surround, besiege, store, paling, enclosure, encircle, preserve, keep
かこ.む, かこ.う, かこ.い

Compounds:
囲い かこい enclosure, paling, storage (n)
囲う かこう to enclose (v5s, vt)
囲む かこむ to surround, to encircle (v5m, vt)
囲碁 いご Go (board game of capturing territory) (n)
周囲 しゅうい surroundings, environs, circumference (n)

373

harden, set, clot, curdle
かた.める, かた.まる, かた.まり, かた.い

Compounds:
頑固 がんこ stubbornness, obstinacy (adj-na, n)
固まる かたまる to harden, to solidify, to become firm, to become certain (v5r, intransitive verb)
固形 こけい solid (body) (n)
固体 こたい solid (body), solid matter, solid-state (n, adj-no)
固定 こてい fixation, fixing (eg salary, capital) (n, vs)

374

park, garden, yard, farm
その
エン
Compounds:
園芸 えんげい horticulture, gardening (n)
学園 がくえん academy, campus (n)
公園 こうえん (public) park (n)
植物園 しょくぶつえん botanical garden (n)
庭園 ていえん garden, park (n)

375

slope, incline, hill
さか
ハン
Compounds:

376

mould, type, model
かた, -がた
ケイ
Compounds:
型 がた model, type (eg of machine, goods, etc.), type, style, pattern, mold (mould), template, model, kata (standard form of a movement, posture, etc) (n)
体型 たいけい figure (body) (n)
典型 てんけい type, pattern, archetypal (n, adj-no)
典型的 てんけいてき typical, prototypical, representative, stereotypical, model, ideal (adj-na)
模型 もけい model, dummy, maquette (n)

377

salt
しお
エン
Compounds:
塩分 えんぶん salt, salt content (n)
塩 えん salt (n)
塩水 えんすい salt water, brine (n)
塩辛い しおからい salty (taste) (adj)

378

gentleman, samurai, samurai radical (no. 33)

Compounds:
修士 しゅうし Masters degree program (programme) (n)
紳士 しんし gentleman (n)
代議士 だいぎし parliamentarian, member of a congress (n)
同士 どうし fellow, companion, comrade, mutual (n)
博士 はくし doctorate, PhD, Dr (as a title), expert, learned person (n, n-suf, n)

379

unusual, change, strange
か.わる, か.わり, か.える
ヘン
Compounds:
急変 きゅうへん sudden turn, sudden change, (suddenly occurring) accident (n, vs)
相変らず あいかわらず as ever, as usual, the same (adv, n)
大変 たいへん very, greatly, immense, enormous, great, serious, grave, dreadful, terrible, difficult, hard, major incident, disaster (adv, adj-na, n)
不変 ふへん eternal, everlasting, unchangeable, immutable, immovable, constant, permanent, indestructible (adj-na, n, adj-no)
変 へん strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy, unexpected, change, incident, disturbance, disaster, accident, flat (music) (adj-na, n, n-pref)

380

husband, man
おっと, そ.れ
フ, フウ, ブ
Compounds:
功夫 くふう device, scheme, devising, scheming, dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation) (n, vs)
大丈夫 だいじょうぶ safe, all right, OK (adj-na, adv, n)
夫 おっと husband (n)
夫妻 ふさい man and wife, married couple (n)
夫人 はしかし wife, Mrs, madam, wife of a nobleman (aristocrat, etc.), consort of the emperor (n, n, n)

381

center, middle
オウ
Compounds:
中央 ちゅうおう centre, central, center, middle (n)

382

lose, error, fault, disadvantage, loss
うしな.う, う.せる
シツ
Compounds:
過失 かしつ error, blunder, accident, fault, defect (n)
見失う みうしなう to lose sight of, to miss (v5s, vt)
失格 しっかく disqualification, elimination, incapacity (legal) (n, vs)
失業 しつぎょう unemployment (n, vs)
失敬 しっけい rudeness, saying good-bye, acting impolitely, stealing, impoliteness, disrespect, impertinence (adj-na, interjection (kandoushi), n, vs)

383

committee, entrust to, leave to, devote, discard
ゆだ.ねる

Compounds:
委員 いいん committee member (n)
委員会 いいんかい committee meeting, committee (n)
委任 いにん charge, trust (n, vs)
委しい くわしい knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate (adj)

384

easons

Compounds:
季語 きご seasonal word (in haiku) (n)
季節 きせつ season (n)
四季 しき four seasons (n)
冬季 とうき (season of) winter (n-adv, n-t)
雨季 うき rainy season (n)

385

grandchild, descendants
まご
ソン
Compounds:
子孫 しそん descendants, posterity, offspring (n)
孫 まご grandchild (n)

386

guard, protect, defend, obey
まも.る, まも.り, もり, -もり, かみ
シュ, ス
Compounds:
御守 おまもり charm, amulet (n)
見守る みまもる to watch over, to watch attentively (v5r, vt)
厳守 げんしゅ strict observance (n, vs)
守衛 しゅえい security guard, doorkeeper (n)
守備 しゅび defense, defence (n, vs)

387

perfect, completion, end
カン
Compounds:
完成 かんせい complete, completion, perfection, accomplishment (n, vs)
完全 かんぜん perfection, completeness (adj-na, n)
完了 かんりょう completion, conclusion, perfective (form, aspect) (n, vs, n)
不完全 ふかんぜん imperfect, incomplete, faulty, defective (adj-na, n)
完壁 かんべき perfect, complete, flawless (adj-na)

388

bureaucrat, the government
カン
Compounds:
官庁 かんちょう government office, authorities (n)
官邸 かんてい official residence (n)
官僚 かんりょう bureaucrat, bureaucracy (n)
器官 きかん organ (of body), instrument (n)
警官 けいかん policeman (n)

389

determine, fix, establish, decide
さだ.める, さだ.まる, さだ.か
テイ, ジョウ
Compounds:
安定 あんてい stability, equilibrium (adj-na, n, vs)
案の定 あんのじょう just as one thought, as usual (adv, exp)
一定 いちじょう fixed, settled, constant, definite, uniform, regularized, regularised, defined, standardized (n, adj-no, vs)
仮定 かてい assumption, supposition, hypothesis (n, vs)
確定 かくてい decision, settlement, definition (n, vs)

390

reality, truth
み, みの.る, まこと, まことに, みの, みち.る
ジツ, シツ
Compounds:
忠実 ちゅうじつ faithful, loyal, devoted, hardworking, painstaking, diligent, healthy, fit (adj-na, adj-na, adj-na)
果実 かじつ fruit, nut, berry (n)
確実 かくじつ certainty, reliability, soundness (adj-na, n)
現実 げんじつ reality (n)
口実 こうじつ excuse, pretext (n)

391

guest, visitor, customer, client
キャク, カク
Compounds:
観客 かんきゃく audience, spectator(s) (n)
客 きゃく guest, customer (n)
客観 かくかん object (as opposed to subject) (n, adj-no)
客観的 きゃっかんてき objective (adj-na)
客室 きゃくしつ drawing room, guest room (n)

392

Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess
みや
キュウ, グウ, ク, クウ
Compounds:

393

harm, injury
ガイ
Compounds:
加害者 かがいしゃ assailant (n)
害 がい injury, harm, evil influence, damage (n)
害虫 がいちゅう harmful insect, noxious insect (n)
公害 こうがい pollution, public nuisance, contamination (n)
災害 さいがい calamity, disaster, misfortune (n)

394
宿
inn, lodging, dwell, lodge, be pregnant, home, dwelling
やど, やど.る, やど.す
シュク
Compounds:
下宿 げしゅく boarding, lodging, boarding house (n, vs)
合宿 がっしゅく lodging together, boarding house (n, vs)
宿 やど inn, lodging (n)
宿屋 やどや inn (n)
宿題 しゅくだい homework (n)

395

guess, presume, surmise, judge, understand
サツ
Compounds:
観察 かんさつ observation, survey (n, vs)
警察 けいさつ police (n)
検察 けんさつ examination, prosecutor (n, vs)
察する さっする to guess, to sense, to presume, to judge, to sympathise with (suru verb - special class)
視察 しさつ inspection, observation (n, vs)

396

Buddhist temple
てら

Compounds:
寺 てら temple (Buddhist) (n)
寺院 じいん temple (n)

397

vis-a-vis, opposite, even, equal, versus, anti-, compare
あいて, こた.える, そろ.い, つれあ.い, なら.ぶ, むか.う
タイ, ツイ
Compounds:
応対 おうたい receiving, dealing with (n, vs)
絶対 ぜったい absoluteness, absolute, unconditional, unmistakable (n, adj-no)
相対的 そうたいてき relative (adj-na)
対応 たいおう interaction, correspondence, coping with, dealing with, support (n, vs)
対決 たいけつ confrontation, showdown (n, vs)

398

bureau, board, office, affair, conclusion, court lady, lady-in-waiting, her apartment
つぼね
キョク
Compounds:
局 きょく channel (ie TV or radio), station, department, affair, situation (n, n-suf)
結局 けっきょく after all, eventually (n-adv, n)
支局 しきょく branch office (n)
政局 せいきょく political situation (n)
当局 とうきょく authorities, this office (n)

399

boulder, rock, cliff
いわ
ガン
Compounds:

400

beach
きし
ガン
Compounds:
沿岸 えんがん coast, shore (n)
海岸 かいがん coast, beach (n)
岸 きし bank, coast, shore (n)
岸辺 きしべ bank (of a river) (n)
河岸 かし river bank, riverside, fish market (n)

401

island
しま
トウ
Compounds:
半島 はんとう peninsula (n)
列島 れっとう archipelago, chain of islands (n)

402

tate, province

シュウ, ス
Compounds:

403

nest, rookery, hive, cobweb, den
す, す.くう
ソウ
Compounds:

404

distinction, difference, variation, discrepancy, margin, balance
さ.す, さ.し

Compounds:
格差 かくさ qualitative difference, disparity (n)
誤差 ごさ measurement error, calculation error (n)
差 さ difference, variation (n, n-suf)
差し引き さしひき deduction, subtraction, balance, ebb and flow, rise and fall (n)
差し掛かる さしかかる to come near to, to approach (v5r)

405

hope, beg, request, pray, beseech, Greece, dilute (acid), rare, few, phenomenal
まれ
キ, ケ
Compounds:
希 まれ rare, seldom (adj-na)

406

seat, mat, occasion, place
むしろ
セキ
Compounds:
客席 きゃくせき guest seating (n)
欠席 けっせき absence, non-attendance (n, vs)
座席 ざせき seat (n)
出席 しゅっせき attendance, presence (n, vs)
席 せき seat (n)

407

sash, belt, obi, zone, region
お.びる, おび
タイ
Compounds:
一帯 いったい region, zone, whole place (n)
温帯 おんたい temperate zone (n)
携帯 ケータイ something carried (in the hand), handheld, mobile telephone, cell phone (n, vs, n)
所帯 しょたい household, home, family, housekeeping (n)
地帯 ちたい area, zone (n)

408

otebook, account book, album
とばり
チョウ
Compounds:
通帳 つうちょう passbook, bankbook (n)

409

even, flat, peace
たい.ら, -だいら, ひら, ひら-
ヘイ, ビョウ, ヒョウ
Compounds:
公平 こうへい fairness, impartial, justice (adj-na, n)
水平 すいへい level, horizontality (adj-na, adj-no)
水平線 すいへいせん horizon (related to sea or lakes) (n)
地平線 ちへいせん horizon (related to land) (n)
不公平 ふこうへい unfairness, injustice, partiality (adj-na, n)

410

happiness, blessing, fortune
さいわ.い, さち, しあわ.せ
コウ
Compounds:
幸い さいわい happiness, blessedness (adj-na, adv, n)
幸福 こうふく happiness, blessedness (adj-na, n)
不幸 ふこう unhappiness, sorrow, misfortune, disaster, accident, death (adj-na, n)

411

bottom, sole, depth, bottom price, base, kind, sort
そこ
テイ
Compounds:
海底 かいてい bottom of the ocean (n)
底 そこ bottom, sole (n)
徹底 てってい thoroughness, completeness (n, vs)
到底 とうてい (cannot) possibly (adv)

412

borough, urban prefecture, govt office, representative body, storehouse

Compounds:
政府 せいふ government, administration (n)
府庁 ふちょう prefectural office (n)
府立 ふりつ managed by an urban prefecture (adj-no, n)

413

warehouse, storehouse
くら
コ, ク
Compounds:
金庫 かねぐら safe, vault, treasury, provider of funds (n)
車庫 しゃこ garage, car shed, carport (n)
倉庫 そうこ storehouse, warehouse, godown (n)
文庫 ぶんこ library, book collection, paperback book (n)
冷蔵庫 れいぞうこ refrigerator (n)

414

courtyard, garden, yard
にわ
テイ
Compounds:
家庭 かてい home, family, household (n)
校庭 こうてい schoolyard, campus (n)
市庭 いちば (town) market, (the) marketplace (n)
中庭 なかにわ courtyard, quadrangle, middle court (n)
庭 にわ garden (n)

415

ease, peace
コウ
Compounds:
健康 けんこう health, sound, wholesome (adj-na, n)

416

style, ceremony, rite, function, method, system, form, expression
シキ
Compounds:
株式 かぶしき stock (company) (n)
儀式 ぎしき ceremony, rite, ritual, service (n)
旧式 きゅうしき old type, old style (adj-na, adj-no)
形式 けいしき form, formality, format, appearance, mode, math expression (n)
形式的 けいしきてき formal (adj-na)

417

bow, bow (archery, violin)
ゆみ
キュウ
Compounds:
弓 ゆみ bow (and arrow) (n)

418

hit, right, appropriate, himself
あ.たる, あ.たり, あ.てる, あ.て, まさ.に, まさ.にべし
トウ
Compounds:
該当 がいとう corresponding, answering to, coming under, applying to (n, vs)
割当てる わりあてる to assign, to allot, to allocate, to divide among, to distribute, to prorate (Ichidan verb, vt)
見当 けんとう aim, mark, estimate, guess, approximation, direction (n)
心当たり こころあたり having some knowledge of, happening to know (n)
正当 せいとう just, justifiable, right, due, proper, equitable, reasonable, legitimate, legal, lawful (adj-na, n)

419

shape, form, style
かた, -がた, かたち, なり
ケイ, ギョウ
Compounds:
形見 かたみ memento, souvenir (n)
形式 けいしき form, formality, format, appearance, mode, math expression (n)
形式的 けいしきてき formal (adj-na)
形成 けいせい formation, molding, taking form (n, vs)
形容詞 けいようし (true) adjective, i-adjective (n)

420

duty, war, campaign, drafted labor, office, service, role
ヤク, エキ
Compounds:
区役所 くやくしょ ward office, council (regional) (n)
現役 げんえき active duty, active service (n)
市役所 しやくしょ municipal office, council, city hall (n)
主役 しゅやく leading part, leading actor (actress) (n)
重役 おもやく director, high executive, (person with) heavy responsibilities (n)

421

diameter, path, method
みち, こみち, さしわたし, ただちに
ケイ
Compounds:
径 みち road, street, way, method (n)
半径 はんけい radius (n)

422

junior, emptiness, vanity, futility, uselessness, ephemeral thing, gang, set, party, people
いたずら, あだ

Compounds:
生徒 せいと pupil (n)
徒歩 とほ walking, going on foot (n)

423

gain, get, find, earn, acquire, can, may, able to, profit, advantage, benefit
え.る, う.る
トク
Compounds:
獲得 かくとく acquisition, possession (n, vs)
取得 しゅとく acquisition (n, vs)
拾得 しゅうとく picking up, finding (n, vs)
所得 しょとく income, earnings (n)
心得 こころえ knowledge, information (n)

424

invariably, certain, inevitable
かなら.ず
ヒツ
Compounds:
必ず かならず necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably (adv)
必ずしも かならずしも (not) always, (not) necessarily, (not) all, (not) entirely (adv)
必修 ひっしゅう required (subject) (n)
必須 ひっす indispensable, required (adj-na, n)
必然 ひつぜん inevitable, necessary (n)

425

wish, sense, idea, thought, feeling, desire, attention
ネン
Compounds:
概念 がいねん general idea, concept, notion (n)
観念 かんねん idea, notion, conception, sense (eg of duty), resignation, preparedness, acceptance (n, vs)
記念 きねん commemoration, memory (n, vs)
記念日 きねんび holiday, anniversary, memorial day (n)
懸念 けねん worry, fear, anxiety, concern (n, vs)

426

reath, respiration, son, interest (on money)
いき
ソク
Compounds:
休息 きゅうそく rest, relief, relaxation (n, vs)
消息 しょうそく news, letter, circumstances (n)
息 おき breath, breathing, tone, mood (n)
息 そく son, penis (n)
息切れ いきぎれ shortness of breath (n, vs)

427

jail cell, grieve, sad, deplore, regret
かな.しい, かな.しむ

Compounds:
慈悲 じひ compassion, benevolence, charity, mercy (n)
悲観 ひかん pessimism, disappointment (n, vs)
悲劇 ひげき tragedy, disaster (n)
悲惨 ひさん disastrous, tragic, miserable, wretched, pitiful (adj-na)
悲鳴 ひめい shriek, scream (n, vs)

428

concept, think, idea, thought
おも.う
ソウ, ソ
Compounds:
回想 かいそう reflection, reminiscence (n, vs)
感想 かんそう impressions, thoughts (n, vs)
空想 くうそう daydream, fantasy, fancy, vision (n, vs)
幻想 げんそう illusions (n)
構想 こうそう plan, plot, idea, conception (n, vs)

429

ove, affection, favourite
いと.しい
アイ
Compounds:
愛 あい love, affection (n, n-suf)
愛しい いとしい lovely, dear, beloved, darling (adj)
愛する あいする to love (suru verb - special class, vt)
愛情 あいじょう love, affection (n)
愛読 あいどく reading with pleasure (n, vs)

430

emotion, feeling, sensation
カン
Compounds:
感じ かんじ feeling, sense, impression (n)
感じる かんじる to feel, to sense, to experience (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
感覚 かんかく sense, sensation (n, vs)
感激 かんげき deep emotion, impression, inspiration (n, vs)
感謝 かんしゃ thanks, gratitude (adj-na, n, vs)

431

turn into, become, get, grow, elapse, reach
な.る, な.す, -な.す
セイ, ジョウ
Compounds:
完成 かんせい complete, completion, perfection, accomplishment (n, vs)
既成 きせい established, completed, existing (n, adj-no)
形成 けいせい formation, molding, taking form (n, vs)
結成 けっせい formation (n, vs)
構成 こうせい organization, organisation, configuration, composition (n, vs)

432

war, battle, match
いくさ, たたか.う, おのの.く, そよぐ, わなな.く
セン
Compounds:
策戦 さくせん military or naval operations, tactics, strategy (n)
終戦 しゅうせん end of war, cessation of hostilities (n)
戦災 せんさい war damage (n)
戦死 せんし death in action (n, vs)
戦車 せんしゃ tank (military vehicle) (n)

433

door, counter for houses, door radical (no. 63)


Compounds:
井戸 いど water well (n)
雨戸 あまど sliding storm door (n)
戸籍 こせき census, family register (n)
戸棚 とだな cupboard, locker, closet, wardrobe (n)
戸締り とじまり closing up, fastening the doors (n)

434

genius, years old, cubic shaku
サイ
Compounds:
才能 さいのう talent, ability (n)
才 さい -years-old, ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius (suffix)
秀才 しゅうさい prodigy (n)
人才 じんさい man of talent, capable person (n)
天才 てんさい genius, prodigy, natural gift (n)

435

strike, hit, knock, pound, dozen
う.つ, う.ち-, ぶ.つ
ダ, ダアス
Compounds:
打上げる うちあげる to launch, to shoot up, (of waves) dash, to wash up (ashore), to finish, to close (Ichidan verb, vt)
打つ うつ to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on something), to type, to tap (eg a key) (v5t)
打撃 だげき blow, shock, strike, damage, batting (baseball) (n)
打破 だは break-down, defeat, abolish (n, vs)
打撲 だぼく blow, hit (on the body), beating (n, vs)

436

throw, discard, abandon, launch into, join, invest in, hurl, give up, sell at a loss
な.げる, -な.げ
トウ
Compounds:
投げる なげる to throw, to cast away, to face defeat, to give up (Ichidan verb, vt)
投じる とうじる to throw, to cast, to invest (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
投影 とうえい projection (n, vs)
投資 とうし investment (n, vs)
投書 とうしょ letter to the editor, letter from a reader, contribution (n, vs)

437

fold, break, fracture, bend, yield, submit
お.る, おり, お.り, -お.り, お.れる
セツ
Compounds:
屈折 くっせつ bending, indentation, refraction, inflection (n, vs)
骨折 こっせつ bone fracture (n, vs)
折 おり chance, suitable time (n-adv, n-t)
折り返し おりかえし by return, (call or write back) without delay, lapel, cuffs, flap, chorus, refrain, repetition, aliasing (in imaging), shuttle service, back-to-back, BTB (adv, n, adj-no)
折り返す おりかえす to turn up, to fold back, to loopback (a signal, a message) (v5s, vt)

438

ick up, gather, find, go on foot, ten
ひろ.う
シュウ, ジュウ
Compounds:
収拾 しゅうしゅう control, settling, coping (n, vs)
拾う ひろう to pick up, to find, to gather (v5s, vt)
拾得 しゅうとく picking up, finding (n, vs)

439

finger, point to, indicate, put into, play (chess), measure (ruler)
ゆび, さ.す, -さ.し

Compounds:
指 ゆび finger (n)
指す さす to point, to nominate, to select someone, to specify some person, to identify, to indicate, to point out (v5s, vt)
指揮 しき command, direction (n, vs)
指示 しじ indication, instruction, designation, directions (n, vs)
指し図 さしず instruction, mandate, directions (n, vs)

440

raise, plan, project, behavior, actions
あ.げる, あ.がる, こぞ.る
キョ
Compounds:
選挙 せんきょ election (n, vs)
挙句 あげく in the end, finally, after all, at last (n-adv, n-t)

441

reformation, change, modify, mend, renew, examine, inspect, search
あらた.める, あらた.まる
カイ
Compounds:
改めて あらためて another time, again, over again, anew, formally (adv)
改革 かいかく reform, reformation, innovation (n, vs)
改札 かいさつ examination of tickets (n, vs)
改正 かいせい revision, amendment, alteration (n, vs)
改善 かいぜん betterment, improvement, incremental and continuous improvement (n, vs)

442

set free, release, fire, shoot, emit, banish, liberate
はな.す, -っぱな.し, はな.つ, はな.れる, こ.く, ほう.る
ホウ
Compounds:
解放 かいほう release, unleashing, liberation, emancipation, deallocation (of computer memory), setting free (n, vs)
開放 かいほう open, throw open, liberalization, liberalisation (n, vs)
釈放 しゃくほう release, liberation, acquittal (n, vs)
追放 ついほう exile, banishment (n, vs)
放す はなす to separate, to set free, to turn loose (v5s, vt)

443

salvation, save, help, rescue, reclaim
すく.う
キュウ
Compounds:
救い すくい help, aid, relief, salvation (n)
救う すくう to rescue from, to help out of, to save (v5s, vt)
救援 きゅうえん relief, rescue, reinforcement (n, vs)
救急車 きゅうきゅうしゃ ambulance (n)
救済 きゅうさい relief, aid, rescue, salvation, help (n, vs)

444

failure, defeat, reversal
やぶ.れる
ハイ
Compounds:
失敗 しっぱい failure, mistake, blunder (n, adj-no, vs)
勝敗 しょうはい victory or defeat, issue (of battle) (n)
敗る やぶる to tear, to violate, to defeat, to smash, to destroy (v5r, vt)
敗戦 はいせん defeat, losing a war (n, vs)
敗北 はいぼく defeat (as a verb it means 'to be defeated') (n, vs)

445

scatter, disperse, spend, squander
ち.る, ち.らす, -ち.らす, ち.らかす, ち.らかる, ばら
サン
Compounds:
解散 かいさん breakup, dissolution (n, vs)
散らかる ちらかる to be in disorder, to lie scattered around (v5r, intransitive verb)
散らし チラシ scattering, leaflets (n)
散らす ちらす to scatter, to disperse, to distribute (v5s, vt)
散らばる ちらばる to be scattered about (v5r, intransitive verb)

446

number, strength, fate, law, figures
かず, かぞ.える, しばしば, せ.める, わずらわ.しい
スウ, ス, サク, ソク, シュ
Compounds:
過半数 かはんすう majority (n)
画数 かくすう stroke count (n)
回数 かいすう number of times, frequency, count (n)
回数券 かいすうけん book of tickets (n)
奇数 きすう odd number (n)

447

organize, arranging, tune, tone, meter, key (music)
ととの.える, ととの.う
セイ
Compounds:
整備 せいび maintenance, servicing, outfitting (n, vs)
整理 せいり sorting, arrangement, organization, putting in order, adjustment, regulation, liquidation (n, vs)
整列 せいれつ standing in a row, forming a line, alignment (n, vs)
調整 ちょうせい regulation, adjustment, tuning, modification, alteration (n, vs)

448

national flag, banner, standard
はた

Compounds:
旗 はた flag (n)
国旗 こっき national flag (n)

449

once upon a time, antiquity, old times
むかし
セキ, シャク
Compounds:
一昔 ひとむかし ages, long time, decade, the past ten years (n)
昔 むかし olden days, former (adj-no, n-adv, n-t)
昔話 むかしばなし folklore, legend (n)

450

star, spot, dot, mark
ほし, -ぼし
セイ, ショウ
Compounds:
衛星 えいせい satellite (n)
火星 かせい Mars (planet) (n)
星 ほし star (n)
星座 せいざ constellation (n)

451

yesterday, previous
サク
Compounds:
昨年 さくねん last year (n-adv, n-t)
昨晩 さくばん last night (n-adv, n-t)
昨夜 さくや evening, last night (n-adv, n-t)
一昨日 おととい day before yesterday (n-adv, n-t)
一昨年 おととし year before last (n-adv, n-t)

452

shining, bright
ショウ
Compounds:
昭和 しょうわ Showa era (1926.12.25-1989.1.7) (n)

453

scenery, view
ケイ
Compounds:
景気 けいき condition, state, business (condition) (n)
景色 けしき scenery, scene, landscape (n)
光景 こうけい scene, spectacle (n)
背景 はいけい background, scenery, setting, circumstance (n)
不景気 ふけいき business recession, hard times, depression, gloom, sullenness, cheerlessness (adj-na, n)

454

clear up
は.れる, は.れ, は.れ-, -ば.れ, は.らす
セイ
Compounds:
快晴 かいせい good weather (n)
見晴らし みはらし view (n)
晴天 せいてん fine weather (n)
素晴しい すばらしい wonderful, splendid, magnificent (adj)

455

bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse, lean
ま.がる, ま.げる
キョク
Compounds:
歌謡曲 かようきょく popular song (n)
戯曲 ぎきょく play, drama (n)
曲 きょく tune, piece of music (n, n-suf)
曲り角 まがりかど street corner, road turn, bend in the road, turning point (n)
曲る まがる to bend, to curve, to warp, to wind, to twist, to turn, to be awry, to be askew, to be crooked (v5r, intransitive verb)

456

utmost, most, extreme
もっと.も, つま
サイ, シュ
Compounds:
最も もっとも most, extremely (adv)
最悪 さいあく the worst (adj-na, n)
最期 さいご one's last moment, one's time of death (n-adv, n)
最強 さいきょう strongest (n)
最近 さいきん latest, most recent, nowadays (adj-no, n-adv, n-t)

457

ambition, full moon, hope, desire, aspire to, expect
のぞ.む, もち
ボウ, モウ
Compounds:
冀望 きぼう hope, wish, aspiration (n, vs)
失望 しつぼう disappointment, despair (n, vs)
絶望 ぜつぼう despair, hopelessness (n, vs)
待ち望む まちのぞむ to look anxiously for, to wait eagerly for (v5m, vt)
待望 たいぼう expectant waiting, long-awaited (n, vs, adj-no)

458

period, time, date, term
キ, ゴ
Compounds:
延期 えんき postponement, adjournment (n, vs)
過渡期 かとき transition period (n)
学期 がっき school term, semester (n)
期間 きかん period, term (n)
期限 きげん term, period, time frame, time limit, deadline, cutoff (date) (n)

459

n-, not yet, hitherto, still, even now, sign of the ram, 1-3PM, eighth sign of Chinese zodiac
いま.だ, ま.だ, ひつじ
ミ, ビ
Compounds:
未開 みかい savage land, backward region, uncivilized, uncivilised (adj-na, n, adj-no)
未婚 みこん unmarried (adj-no, n)
未熟 みじゅく inexperience, unripeness, raw, unskilled, immature, inexperienced (adj-na, n)
未遂 みすい attempt (at crime) (n, n-suf)
未然 みぜん before it happens, previously (n)

460

end, close, tip, powder, posterity
すえ
マツ, バツ
Compounds:
期末 きまつ end of term (n)
結末 けつまつ end, conclusion (n)
月末 つきずえ end of the month (n-adv, n-t)
跡始末 あとしまつ settlement (of affairs), remedial measures, cleaning up afterwards (n, vs)
歳末 さいまつ year end (n)

461

ag, paper money, counter for bonds, placard, bid
ふだ
サツ
Compounds:
改札 かいさつ examination of tickets (n, vs)
札 ふだ token, label, ticket, card, charm, talisman (n)
入札 にゅうさつ bid, bidding (n, vs)
名札 なふだ name plate, name tag (n)
落札 らくさつ having one's bid accepted (eg for contract) (n, vs)

462

lumber, log, timber, wood, talent
ザイ
Compounds:
材木 ざいもく lumber, timber (n)
材料 ざいりょう ingredients, material (n)
取材 しゅざい collecting data (eg for a newspaper article), covering an event (n, vs)
素材 そざい raw materials, subject matter (n)
木材 もくざい lumber, timber, wood (n)

463

bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control
たば, たば.ねる, つか, つか.ねる
ソク
Compounds:
花束 はなたば bunch of flowers, bouquet (n)
拘束 こうそく restriction, restraint (n, vs)
束 たば bundle, bunch, sheaf, coil (n)
束縛 そくばく restraint, shackles, restriction, confinement, binding (n, vs)
約束 やくそく arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement, convention, rule (n, vs)

464

pine tree
まつ
ショウ
Compounds:
松 まつ pine tree, highest (of a three-tier ranking system) (n)

465

plank, board, plate, stage
いた
ハン, バン
Compounds:
看板 かんばん sign, signboard, doorplate, poster, billboard, appearance, figurehead, policy, attraction, closing time (n)
黒板 こくばん blackboard (n)
板 いた board, plank, sheet (of metal), plate (of glass), pane, slab, cutting board, chopping board, stage (ie at a theatre) (n)
板画 はんが woodcut, woodblock print, art print (n)
甲板 こうはん (ship) deck (n)

466

fruit, reward, carry out, achieve, complete, end, finish, succeed
は.たす, はた.す, -は.たす, は.てる, -は.てる, は.て

Compounds:
果たす はたす to accomplish, to fulfill, to carry out, to achieve (v5s)
果てし無い はてしない endless, boundless, everlasting (adj)
果実 かじつ fruit, nut, berry (n)
果物 かぶつ fruit (n)
逆効果 ぎゃっこうか backfire, counterproductive, opposite effect (n)

467

pillar, post, cylinder, support
はしら
チュウ
Compounds:
柱 はしら pillar, post, support, prop, mainstay, counter for buddhas, gods, nobles, etc. (n, suffix, counter)
電柱 でんちゅう telephone pole, telegraph pole, lightpole (n)

468

flourish, prosperity, honor, glory, splendor
さか.える, は.え, -ば.え, は.える, え
エイ, ヨウ
Compounds:
栄える さかえる to prosper, to flourish (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
栄光 えいこう glory (n)
繁栄 はんえい prospering, prosperity, thriving, flourishing (n, vs)

469

root, radical, head (pimple)
ね, -ね
コン
Compounds:
屋根 やね roof (n)
垣根 かきね hedge (n)
根 ね root (n)
根回し ねまわし making necessary arrangements (n, vs)
根気 こんき patience, perseverance, persistence, tenacity, energy (n)

470

plan, suggestion, draft, ponder, fear, proposition, idea, expectation, bill, worry
つくえ
アン
Compounds:
案の定 あんのじょう just as one thought, as usual (adv, exp)
案外 あんがい unexpectedly (adj-na, n-adv)
案内 あんない information, guidance, leading, to guide, to show (around), to conduct (n, vs)
提案 ていあん proposal, proposition, suggestion (n, vs)
答案 とうあん examination paper, examination script (n)

471

plum
うめ
バイ
Compounds:
梅雨入り つゆいり entering the rainy season, beginning of the rainy season (n, vs)
梅 ウメ plum, Japanese apricot, prunus mume, lowest (of a three-tier ranking system) (n)
梅干 うめぼし dried plum (n)
梅雨明け つゆあけ the end of the rainy season (n, vs)

472

ontraption, fetter, machine, instrument
かせ
カイ
Compounds:
器械 きかい machine, mechanism, instrument, appliance, apparatus (n)

473

lant
う.える, う.わる
ショク
Compounds:
移植 いしょく transplanting, porting, implantation, engrafting (n, vs)
植える うえる to plant, to grow (Ichidan verb, vt)
植物 しょくぶつ plant, vegetation (n)
植物園 しょくぶつえん botanical garden (n)
植民地 しょくみんち colony, colonial (n, adj-no)

474

poles, settlement, conclusion, end, highest rank, electric poles, very, extremely, most, highly, 10**48
きわ.める, きわ.まる, きわ.まり, きわ.み, き.める, -ぎ.め, き.まる
キョク, ゴク
Compounds:
窮極 きゅうきょく ultimate, extreme, final, eventual (n, adj-no)
極 ごく quite, very, octillion, 10^48 (adv, n)
極楽 ごくらく Sukhavati (Amitabha's Pure Land), paradise (n)
極限 きょくげん utmost limits, limit (n)
極端 きょくたん extreme, extremity (adj-na, n)

475

Esq., way, manner, situation, polite suffix
さま, さん
ヨウ, ショウ
Compounds:
ご苦労様 ごくろうさま thank you very much for your ..., I appreciate your efforts (exp, adj-na)
一様 いちよう uniformity, evenness, similarity, equality, impartiality (adj-na, n)
奥様 おくさま wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam (n)
皆様 みなさま everyone (n)
神様 かみさま God (n)

476

signpost, seal, mark, stamp, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence, souvenir, target
しるべ, しるし
ヒョウ
Compounds:
標語 ひょうご motto, slogan, catchword (n)
標識 ひょうしき sign, mark, flag (n)
標準 ひょうじゅん standard, level, norm (n)
標本 ひょうほん example, specimen, sample (n)
目標 もくひょう mark, objective, target (n)

477

ideways, side, horizontal, width, woof
よこ
オウ
Compounds:
横 よこ horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down, side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth, side (of a box, etc.), beside, aside, next to, unconnected (n)
横たわる よこたわる to lie down, to stretch out (v5r, intransitive verb)
横顔 よこがお face in profile, profile, face seen from the side (n)
横綱 よこづな yokozuna (sumo grand champion) (n)
横取り よこどり usurpation, snatching, seizure (n, vs)

478

bridge
はし
キョウ
Compounds:
橋 はし bridge (n)
桟橋 さんばし wharf, bridge, jetty, pier (n)
鉄橋 てっきょう railway bridge, iron bridge (n)
陸橋 りっきょう overland bridge, viaduct, overhead bridge, overpass (n)
架け橋 かけはし bridge building, cross-linking (n, vs)

479

mechanism, opportunity, occasion, machine, airplane
はた

Compounds:
危機 きき crisis (n)
機会 きかい chance, opportunity (n)
機関 きかん mechanism, facility, engine, agency, organisation, institution, organ (n)
機関車 きかんしゃ locomotive, engine (n)
機構 きこう mechanism, organization, organisation (n)

480

lack, gap, fail, yawning radical (no. 76)
か.ける, か.く
ケツ, ケン
Compounds:
欠陥 けっかん defect, fault, deficiency (n)
欠席 けっせき absence, non-attendance (n, vs)
欠点 けってん faults, defect, weakness (n)
欠如 けつじょ lack, privation, deficiency (n, vs)
欠乏 けつぼう want, shortage, famine (n, vs)

481

next, order, sequence
つ.ぐ, つぎ
ジ, シ
Compounds:
月次 げつじ every month, trite, common (adj-na, n, adj-na, n)
次いで ついで next, secondly, subsequently (adv, conjunction)
次ぐ つぐ to rank next to, to come after (v5g, intransitive verb)
次回 じかい next time (occasion) (n-adv, n-t)
次元 じげん dimension, perspective, point of reference, level (of something) (n)

482

tooth, cog
よわい, は, よわ.い, よわい.する

Compounds:
歯 は tooth (n)
歯ブラシ はブラシ toothbrush (n)
歯医者 はいしゃ dentist (n)
歯科 しか dentistry (n)
歯止め はどめ brake (n, vs)

483

curriculum, continuation, passage of time
レキ, レッキ
Compounds:
学歴 がくれき academic background (n)
歴る へる to pass, to elapse, to experience (Ichidan verb, vt)
経歴 けいれき personal history, career (n, vs)
履歴 りれき personal history, background, career, log (n)
履歴書 りれきしょ personal history, curriculum vitae, resume (n)

484

remainder, leftover, balance
のこ.る, のこ.す, そこな.う, のこ.り
ザン, サン
Compounds:
残り のこり remnant, residue, remaining, left-over (n, adj-no)
残業 ざんぎょう overtime (work) (n, vs)
残高 ざんだか (bank) balance, remainder (n)
残酷 ざんこく cruelty, harshness (adj-na, n)
残暑 ざんしょ lingering summer heat (n)

485

ill, murder, butcher, slice off, split, diminish, reduce, spoil
ころ.す, -ごろ.し, そ.ぐ
サツ, サイ, セツ
Compounds:
暗殺 あんさつ assassination (n, vs)
虐殺 ぎゃくさつ atrocity, massive killing (n, vs)
殺す ころす to kill (v5s, vt)
殺人 さつじん murder (n)
殺到 さっとう rush, flood (n, vs)

486

poison, virus, venom, germ, harm, injury, spite
ドク
Compounds:
気の毒 きのどく pitiful, (a) pity (adj-na, n)
消毒 しょうどく disinfection, sterilization, sterilisation (n, vs)
中毒 ちゅうどく poisoning, addiction (n, vs, n-suf)
毒 どく poison, toxicant (n)
毒薬 どくやく poison (n)

487

fur, hair, feather, down

モウ
Compounds:
髪の毛 かみのけ hair (head) (n)
不毛 ふもう sterile, barren, unproductive, sour (adj-na, n, adj-no)
毛 け hair, fur (n)
毛糸 けいと knitting wool (n)
毛皮 もうひ fur, skin, pelt (n)

488

family name, surname, clan
うじ, -うじ

Compounds:
氏名 しめい full name, identity (n)

489

icicle, ice, hail, freeze, congeal
こおり, ひ, こお.る
ヒョウ
Compounds:
氷山 ひょうざん iceberg (n)
氷る こおる to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal (v5r, intransitive verb)

490

request, want, wish for, require, demand
もと.める
キュウ, グ
Compounds:
求人 きゅうじん offer of job (situation) (n, vs)
請求 せいきゅう claim, demand, charge, application, request, billing (for a service) (n, vs)
追求 ついきゅう pursuing (goal), pursuit, seeking, search, to pursue (eg goal), to seek (n, vs)
要求 ようきゅう demand, firm request, requisition (n, vs)
欲求 よっきゅう desire (n, vs)

491

decide, fix, agree upon, appoint
き.める, -ぎ.め, き.まる, さ.く
ケツ
Compounds:
可決 かけつ approval, adoption (eg motion, bill), passage (n, vs)
解決 かいけつ settlement, solution, resolution (n, vs)
議決 ぎけつ resolution, decision, vote (n, vs)
決して けして never, by no means (adv)
決める きめる to decide (Ichidan verb, vt)

492

apor, steam

Compounds:
汽車 きしゃ train (steam) (n)
汽船 きせん steamship, steamboat, steamer (n)
汽笛 きてき steam whistle (n)

493

oil, fat
あぶら
ユ, ユウ
Compounds:
原油 げんゆ crude oil (n)
石油 せきゆ oil, petroleum, kerosene (n)
灯油 とうゆ lamp oil, kerosene (n)
油 あぶら oil (n)
油絵 あぶらえ oil painting (n)

494

eign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
おさ.める, おさ.まる, なお.る, なお.す
ジ, チ
Compounds:
治まる おさまる to be at peace, to clamp down, to lessen (storm, terror, anger) (v5r, intransitive verb)
治める おさめる to govern, to manage, to subdue (Ichidan verb, vt)
治安 ちあん public order (n)
治療 ちりょう medical treatment, cure (n, vs)
自治 じち self-government, autonomy (n)

495

method, law, rule, principle, model, system
のり
ホウ, ハッ, ホッ, フラン
Compounds:
違法 いほう illegal, illegality, unlawfulness (adj-na, n)
憲法 けんぽう constitution (n)
合法 ごうほう legal, lawful, legality (adj-na, n)
司法 しほう administration of justice (n)
寸法 すんぽう measurement, size, extent, dimension (n)

496

waves, billows, Poland
なみ

Compounds:
寒波 かんぱ cold wave (n)
電波 でんぱ electro-magnetic wave, radio wave, nonsense (n, n, adj-na)
波長 はちょう wavelength (n)
波瀾 はらん troubles, ups and downs, stormy, uproarious (ie relationship) (n)

497

cry, weep, moan
な.く
キュウ
Compounds:
泣き声 なきごえ cry, crying voice (n, vs)

498

swim
およ.ぐ
エイ
Compounds:
水泳 すいえい swimming (n, vs)

499

lively, resuscitation, being helped, living
い.きる, い.かす, い.ける
カツ
Compounds:
活気 かっき energy, liveliness (n)
活字 かつじ printing type (n)
活動 かつどう action, activity (n, vs)
活溌 かっぱつ vigor, vigour, active, lively (adj-na, n)
活躍 かつやく activity (esp. energetic), great efforts, conspicuous service, to flourish, to participate actively, to play an active role (n, vs)

500

current, a sink, flow, forfeit
なが.れる, なが.れ, なが.す, -なが.す
リュウ, ル
Compounds:
一流 いちりゅう first-class, top grade, school (of art), foremost, top-notch, unique (n)
下流 かりゅう downstream, lower reaches of a river, lower classes (n)
海流 かいりゅう ocean current (n)
交流 こうりゅう intercourse, (cultural) exchange, intermingling, alternating current (n, vs)
三流 さんりゅう 3rd rate (n)

501

shallow, superficial, frivolous, wretched, shameful
あさ.い
セン
Compounds:
浅い あさい shallow, superficial (adj)

502

bathe, be favored with, bask in
あ.びる, あ.びせる
ヨク
Compounds:
海水浴 かいすいよく sea bathing, seawater bath (n)
日光浴 にっこうよく sunbathing (n, vs)
入浴 にゅうよく bathe, bathing (n, vs)
浴びせる あびせる to pour on (Ichidan verb, vt)
浴びる あびる to bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower (Ichidan verb, vt)

503

extinguish, blow out, turn off, neutralize, cancel
き.える, け.す
ショウ
Compounds:
解消 かいしょう cancellation, liquidation, resolution, reduction (eg of stress) (n, vs)
取消す とりけす to cancel, to revoke (v5s, vt)
消える きえる to go out, to vanish, to disappear (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
消しゴム けしゴム eraser, India rubber (n)
消す けす to erase, to delete, to cross out, to turn off power, to extinguish, to put out, to bump off (v5s, vt)

504

deep, heighten, intensify, strengthen
ふか.い, -ぶか.い, ふか.まる, ふか.める, み-
シン
Compounds:
深ける ふける to get late, to advance, to wear on (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
深い ふかい deep, profound, thick, close (adj)
深まる ふかまる to deepen, to heighten, to intensify (v5r, intransitive verb)
深味 ふかみ depth, deep place (n)
深める ふかめる to deepen, to heighten, to intensify (Ichidan verb, vt)

505

pure, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu dynasty
きよ.い, きよ.まる, きよ.める
セイ, ショウ, シン
Compounds:
清む すむ to clear (eg weather), to become transparent (v5m, intransitive verb)
清らか きよらか clean, pure, chaste (adj-na, n)
清潔 せいけつ clean (adj-na, n)
清算 せいさん liquidation, settlement (n, vs)
清掃 せいそう cleaning (n, vs)

506

warm
あたた.か, あたた.かい, あたた.まる, あたた.める, ぬく
オン
Compounds:
温室 おんしつ greenhouse, hothouse, conservatory, glasshouse (n)
温泉 おんせん spa, hot spring, onsen (n)
温帯 おんたい temperate zone (n)
温暖 おんだん warmth (adj-na, n)
温度 おんど temperature (n)

507

harbor
みなと
コウ
Compounds:
空港 くうこう airport (n)

508

lake
みずうみ

Compounds:
湖 みずうみ lake (n)

509

hot water, bath, hot spring

トウ
Compounds:
銭湯 せんとう bath-house, public bath (n)
湯 ゆ hot water (n)
湯気 ゆげ steam, vapour, vapor (n)
熱湯 ねっとう boiling water (n)

510

full, enough, pride, satisfy
み.ちる, み.つ, み.たす
マン, バン
Compounds:
円満 えんまん perfection, harmony, peace, smoothness, completeness, satisfaction, integrity (adj-na, n)
肥満 ひまん corpulence, fatness, obesity (n, vs)
不満 ふまん dissatisfaction, displeasure, discontent, complaints, unhappiness, disgruntled (adj-na, n)
満員 まんいん full house, no vacancy, sold out, standing room only, full (of people), crowded (n)
満月 まんげつ full moon (n)

511

fishing, fishery
あさ.る
ギョ, リョウ
Compounds:
漁業 ぎょぎょう fishing (industry) (n)
漁師 りょうし fisherman (n)
漁船 ぎょせん fishing boat (n)
漁村 ぎょそん fishing village (n)

512

lamp, a light, light, counter for lights
ひ, ほ-, ともしび, とも.す, あかり
トウ
Compounds:
灯台 とうだい lighthouse (n)
灯油 とうゆ lamp oil, kerosene (n)
灯かり あかり light, brightness, glow, gleam, light, lights, lamp, lamplight (n)

513

charcoal, coal
すみ
タン
Compounds:
石炭 せきたん coal (n)
炭 すみ charcoal (n)
炭酸 たんさん carbonic acid (n)

514

spot, point, mark, speck, decimal point
つ.ける, つ.く, た.てる, さ.す, とぼ.す, とも.す, ぼち
テン
Compounds:
句読点 くとうてん punctuation mark(s) (n)
欠点 けってん faults, defect, weakness (n)
原点 げんてん origin (coordinates), starting point (n)
減点 げんてん subtract, give a demerit (n, vs)
採点 さいてん marking, grading, looking over (n, vs)

515

nothingness, none, ain't, nothing, nil, not
な.い
ム, ブ
Compounds:
果てし無い はてしない endless, boundless, everlasting (adj)
間も無く まもなく soon, before long, in a short time, (after verb) lacking time to ..., without time to ... (adv)
虚無 きょむ nihility, nothingness (n)
仕方が無い しかたがない it can't be helped, it's inevitable, it's no use, can't stand it, being impatient, being annoyed (exp, adj)
台無し だいなし mess, spoiled, spoilt, (come to) nothing (adj-na, n)

516

sort of thing, so, if so, in that case, well
しか, しか.り, しか.し, さ
ゼン, ネン
Compounds:
依然 いぜん still, as yet, as it has been (`taru' adjective, adverb taking the `to' particle, adv)
偶然 ぐうぜん (by) chance, unexpectedly, suddenly, accident, fortuity (adj-na, adj-no, n-adv, n)
公然 こうぜん open (eg secret), public, official, overt (adj-no, `taru' adjective, adverb taking the `to' particle)
自然 しぜん nature, spontaneity, naturally, spontaneously (adj-na, n, adv, adverb taking the `to' particle)
自然科学 しぜんかがく natural science (n)

517

bake, burning
や.く, や.き, や.き-, -や.き, や.ける
ショウ
Compounds:
焼そば やきそば fried soba (n)
焼酎 しょうちゅう shochu (Japanese liquor similar to vodka) (n)
燃焼 ねんしょう burning, combustion (n, vs)
夕焼け ゆうやけ sunset (n)
日焼 ひやけ sunburn, suntan (n, vs)

518

illuminate, shine, compare, bashful
て.る, て.らす, て.れる
ショウ
Compounds:
参照 さんしょう reference, bibliographical reference, consultation, browsing (eg when selecting a file to upload on a computer) (n, vs)
照らす てらす to shine on, to illuminate (v5s, vt)
照る てる to shine (v5r, intransitive verb)
照会 しょうかい inquiry, enquiry, query, reference (n, vs)
照明 しょうめい illumination (n, vs)

519

heat, temperature, fever, mania, passion
あつ.い
ネツ
Compounds:
解熱 げねつ alleviation of fever (n, vs)
光熱費 こうねつひ cost of fuel and light (n)
高熱 こうねつ high fever, pyro- (n, prefix)
情熱 じょうねつ passion, enthusiasm, zeal (adj-na, n)
熱 ねつ fever, temperature (n, n-suf)

520

breed, care for, shepherd, feed, pasture
まき
ボク
Compounds:
牧畜 ぼくちく stock-farming (n)
牧場 まきば farm (livestock), ranch (US), station (Aus, NZ), pasture land, meadow, grazing land (n)

521

jewel, ball
たま, たま-, -だま
ギョク
Compounds:
玉 たま ball, sphere, coin, jewel, pearl, testicles, staple (for a stapler), person (when commenting on their nature), character (n, n-suf, n, n)
御年玉 おとしだま New Year's gift (n)
目玉 めだま eyeball, loss leader, drawcard (n)
玉子 たまご eggs, egg, spawn, roe, cooked (usually boiled) hen egg, (an expert) in the making (n, n, n)
目玉商品 めだましょうひん bargain goods, eye-catching goods, featured product, loss leader (n)

522

ing, rule, magnate
オウ, -ノウ
Compounds:
王国 おうこく kingdom, monarchy (n)
王子 おうじ prince (n)
王者 おうじゃ king, monarch, ruler (n)
王女 おうじょ princess (n)
王さま おうさま king (n)

523

ball, sphere
たま
キュウ
Compounds:
球 たま globe, sphere, ball (n)
地球 ちきゅう the earth (n, adj-no)
電球 でんきゅう light bulb (n)
野球 やきゅう baseball (n)

524

wherefore, a reason
よし, よ.る
ユ, ユウ, ユイ
Compounds:
経由 けいゆ go by the way, via (n, vs)
自由 じゆう freedom, liberty, as it pleases you (exp, adj-na, n)
不自由 ふじゆう discomfort, inconvenience, poverty, want, destitution, disability (adj-na, n)
由 よし reason, significance, cause (n)
由緒 ゆいしょ history, pedigree, lineage (n)

525

have the honor to, sign of the monkey, 3-5PM, ninth sign of Chinese zodiac
もう.す, もう.し-, さる
シン
Compounds:
申込む もうしこむ to apply for, to make an application, to propose (marriage), to challenge, to request (an interview), to book (v5m, vt)
申し出る もうしでる to report to, to tell, to suggest, to submit, to request, to make an offer, to come forward with information (Ichidan verb, vt)
申しあげる もうしあげる to say, to tell, to state, to do for (Ichidan verb, vt, auxiliary verb)
申し訳 もうしわけ apology, excuse (n)
申す もうす to be called, to say (v5s, vt)

526

farm, field, garden, one's specialty, (kokuji)
はた, はたけ, -ばたけ
Compounds:

527

turn, number in a series
つが.い
バン
Compounds:
一番 いちばん best, first, number one, game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet) (n-adv)
交番 こうばん police box, alternation, alternating (eg current) (n, vs, n, adj-f)
順番 じゅんばん turn (in line), order of things, sequential order (n)
当番 とうばん being on duty (n)
番号 ばんごう number, series of digits (n)

528

ascend, climb up
のぼ.る, あ.がる
トウ, ト, ドウ, ショウ, チョウ
Compounds:
山登り やまのぼり mountain climbing, mountaineering (n)
登記 とうき registry, registration (n, vs)
登校 とうこう attendance (at school) (n, vs)
登山 とざん mountain climbing (n, vs)
登場 とうじょう entry (on stage), appearance (on screen), entrance, introduction (into a market) (n, vs)

529

bull's eye, mark, target, object, adjective ending
まと
テキ
Compounds:
楽観的 らっかんてき optimistic, hopeful (adj-na)
楽天的 らくてんてき optimistic (adj-na, n)
客観的 きゃっかんてき objective (adj-na)
具体的 ぐたいてき concrete, tangible, definite, specific (adj-na)
形式的 けいしきてき formal (adj-na)

530

pelt, skin, hide, leather, skin radical (no. 107)
かわ

Compounds:
皮肉 ひにく cynicism, sarcasm, irony, satire (adj-na, n)
皮フ ひフ skin (n)
毛皮 もうひ fur, skin, pelt (n)

531

dish, a helping, plate
さら
ベイ
Compounds:
灰皿 はいざら ashtray (n)

532

straightaway, honesty, frankness, fix, repair
ただ.ちに, なお.す, -なお.す, なお.る, なお.き, す.ぐ
チョク, ジキ, ジカ
Compounds:
見直す みなおす to look again, to get a better opinion of (v5s)
思い直す おもいなおす to re-think, to think back upon, to change one's mind (v5s, vt)
持直す もちなおす to recover, to rally, to improve, to pick up (v5s, vt)
書き直す かきなおす to write out, to make a fair copy, to rewrite (v5s, vt)
垂直 すいちょく vertical, perpendicular (adj-na, n)

533

inter-, mutual, together, each other, minister of state, councillor, aspect, phase, physiognomy
あい-
ソウ, ショウ
Compounds:
外相 がいしょう Foreign Minister (n)
相図 あいず sign, signal (n, vs)
首相 しゅしょう Prime Minister, Chancellor (Germany, Austria, etc.), Premier (n)
真相 しんそう truth, real situation (n)
人相 にんそう physiognomy, looks, countenance (n)

534

focus, government ministry, conserve
かえり.みる, はぶ.く
セイ, ショウ
Compounds:
外務省 がいむしょう Ministry of Foreign Affairs (n)
帰省 きせい homecoming, returning home (n, vs)
省みる かえりみる to look back (eg over shoulder or at the past), to turn around, to review, to reflect, to reconsider, to consider (usu. used in negative), to concern oneself about (Ichidan verb, vt)
省略 しょうりゃく omission, abbreviation, abridgment, abridgement (n, vs)
大蔵省 おおくらしょう (former) Ministry of Finance (succeeded by zaimushou in 2000) (n)

535

dart, arrow


Compounds:

536

stone
いし
セキ, シャク, コク
Compounds:
化石 かせき fossil, petrifaction, fossilization, fossilisation (n, vs)
磁石 じしゃく magnet (n)
石けん せっけん soap (n)
石炭 せきたん coal (n)
石油 せきゆ oil, petroleum, kerosene (n)

537

salute, bow, ceremony, thanks, remuneration
レイ, ライ
Compounds:
儀礼 ぎれい etiquette, courtesy (n)
御礼 おんれい thanking, expression of gratitude (n)
失礼 しつれい discourtesy, impoliteness, Excuse me, Goodbye, to leave, to be rude (n, vs, adj-na, exp, vs, vs)
朝礼 ちょうれい morning assembly (company), pep talk (n)
無礼 ぶれい impolite, rude (adj-na, n)

538

celebrate, congratulate
いわ.う
シュク, シュウ
Compounds:
祝い いわい celebration, festival (n)
祝う いわう to congratulate, to celebrate (v5s, vt)
祝電 しゅくでん congratulatory telegram (n)
祝日 しゅくじつ national holiday (n)
祝福 しゅくふく blessing (n, vs)

539

gods, mind, soul
かみ, かん-, こう-
シン, ジン
Compounds:
安神 あんしん relief, peace of mind (adj-na, n, vs)
神興 みこし portable shrine (carried in festivals) (n)
神 かみ god (n)
神経 しんけい nerve, sensitivity (n)
神社 じんじゃ Shinto shrine (n)

540

ballot, label, ticket, sign
ヒョウ
Compounds:
投票 とうひょう voting, poll (n, vs)
票 ひょう label, ballot, ticket, sign (n, n-suf)

541

ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship
まつ.る, まつ.り, まつり
サイ
Compounds:
冠婚葬祭 かんこんそうさい important ceremonial occasions in family relationships (n)
祭り まつり festival, feast (n)

542

blessing, fortune, luck, wealth
フク
Compounds:
幸福 こうふく happiness, blessedness (adj-na, n)
祝福 しゅくふく blessing (n, vs)
福祉 ふくし welfare, social security, social service, well-being (n)
裕福 ゆうふく affluence, prosperity (adj-na, n)

543

department, course, section

Compounds:
科 か department, section, (taxonomical) family (n, n-suf)
科学 かがく science (n)
科学者 かがくしゃ scientist (n)
外科 げか surgical department (n)
学科 がっか study subject, course of study (n)

544

second (1/60 minute)
ビョウ
Compounds:
秒 びょう second (60th min) (n)
秒読み びょうよみ countdown (n)

545

species, kind, class, variety, seed
たね, -ぐさ
シュ
Compounds:
一種 ひとくさ species, kind, variety (adv, n)
種目 しゅもく event, item of business (n)
種類 しゅるい variety, kind, type, category, counter for different sorts of things (n, counter)
人種 じんしゅ race (of people) (n)
品種 ひんしゅ kind (of goods), brand, (taxonomical) form, breed, cultivar (n)

546

volume, product (x*y), acreage, contents, pile up, stack, load, amass
つ.む, -づ.み, つ.もる, つ.もり
セキ
Compounds:
積み立て つみたて savings (n)
積む つむ to pile up, to stack, to load (car, ship, etc.), to pack (v5m)
積もり つもり intention, plan, conviction, belief (n)
積る つもる to pile up, to accumulate, to estimate (v5r)
積極的 せっきょくてき positive, active, proactive (adj-na)

547

badge, chapter, composition, poem, design
ショウ
Compounds:
章 しょう chapter, section, medal (n)
文章 ぶんしょう sentence, article (n)

548

juvenile, child
わらべ
ドウ
Compounds:
児童 じどう children, juvenile (n)
童話 どうわ fairy-tale (n)

549

mulate, compete with, bid, sell at auction, bout, contest, race
きそ.う, せ.る
キョウ, ケイ
Compounds:
競う きそう to compete with, to emulate (v5s, intransitive verb)
競技 きょうぎ game, match, contest (n, vs)
競争 きょうそう competition, contest, to compete (n, vs)
競馬 けいば horse racing (n)
競べる くらべる to compare, to make a comparison, to compete, to vie (Ichidan verb, vt)

550

bamboo
たけ
チク
Compounds:
竹 たけ bamboo, middle (of a three-tier ranking system) (n)

551

laugh
わら.う, え.む
ショウ
Compounds:
苦笑い にがわらい bitter smile (n, vs)
笑い声 わらいごえ laughter (n)
笑顔 えがお smiling face, smile (n, vs)
微笑 びしょう smile (n, vs)

552

flute, clarinet, pipe, whistle, bagpipe, piccolo
ふえ
テキ
Compounds:
汽笛 きてき steam whistle (n)
口笛 くちぶえ whistle (n)
笛 ふえ flute, pipe, whistle (n)

553

No., residence
ダイ, テイ
Compounds:
次第 しだい dependent upon, as soon as, immediately (upon), circumstances, order, precedence, program, programme, agenda (n-adv, n, n, n)
次第に しだいに gradually (progress into a state), in sequence, in order, in turn (adv)
第宅 ていたく mansion, residence (n)
落第 らくだい failure, dropping out of a class (n, vs)

554

writing brush, writing, painting brush, handwriting
ふで
ヒツ
Compounds:
鉛筆 えんぴつ pencil (n)
執筆 しっぴつ writing (n, vs)
随筆 ずいひつ essays, miscellaneous writings (n)
筆 ふで writing brush (n)
筆記 ひっき (taking) notes, copying (n, vs)

555

etc., and so forth, class (first), quality, equal, similar
ひと.しい, など, -ら
トウ
Compounds:
1等 いっとう first-class, first-rank, A1, the most, the best (n)
何等 なにら whatever, what, what sort of, any kind of, nothing whatever (with neg. verb) (adv, n)
均等 きんとう equality, uniformity, evenness (adj-na, n)
高等 こうとう high class, high grade (adj-na, n)
高等学校 こうとうがっこう senior high school (n)

556

calculate, divining, number, abacus, probability
そろ
サン
Compounds:
換算 かんざん conversion, change, exchange (n, vs)
計算 けいさん calculation, reckoning, count, forecast (n, vs)
決算 けっさん balance sheet, settlement of accounts (n)
採算 さいさん profit (n)
算数 さんすう arithmetic (n)

557

pipe, tube, wind instrument, drunken talk
くだ
カン
Compounds:
管轄 かんかつ jurisdiction, control (n, vs)
管理 かんり control, management (eg of a business) (n, vs)
血管 けっかん blood vessel (n)
保管 ほかん charge, custody, safekeeping, deposit, storage (n, vs)
管 くだ pipe, tube (n, n-suf)

558

ox, chest, case, bin, railway car
はこ
ソウ
Compounds:

559

node, season, period, occasion, verse, clause, stanza, honor, joint, knuckle, knob, knot, tune, melody
ふし, -ぶし, のっと
セツ, セチ
Compounds:
関節 かんせつ joints (knee joint, elbow joint, etc.) (n)
季節 きせつ season (n)
使節 しせつ envoy, embassy, mission, delegate (n)
節 せつ occasion, time, section (of a literary work), verse, stanza, node (of a plant stem), clause, (taxonomical) section (n)
節約 せつやく economising, saving (n, vs)

560

rice, USA, metre
こめ, よね
ベイ, マイ, メエトル
Compounds:
新米 しんまい new rice, novice, beginner, tyro, newcomer, newbie (exp, n)
日米 にちべい Japan-America (n)
米価 べいか rice price (n)

561

flour, powder, dust
デシメートル, こ, こな
フン
Compounds:
小麦粉 こむぎこ wheat flour (n)
粉 こ flour, meal, powder (n)
粉末 ふんまつ fine powder (n)

562

thread
いと

Compounds:
糸 いと thread, yarn, string (n, n-suf)
毛糸 けいと knitting wool (n)
繭糸 きぬいと silk thread (n)

563

chronicle, account, narrative, history, annals, geologic period

Compounds:
紀元 きげん era, AD (Christian era) (n)
紀律 きりつ order, observance, discipline, rules, law, regulations (n)
世紀 せいき century, era (n)

564

promise, approximately, shrink
ヤク
Compounds:
解約 かいやく cancellation of contract (n, vs)
契約 けいやく contract, compact, agreement (n, vs)
倹約 けんやく thrift, economy, frugality (adj-na, n, vs)
公約 こうやく public commitment or promise (n, vs)
婚約 こんやく engagement, betrothal (n, vs)

565

class, rank, grade
キュウ
Compounds:
階級 かいきゅう class, rank, grade (n)
高級 こうきゅう high class, high grade (adj-na, n)
初級 しょきゅう elementary level (n)
上級 じょうきゅう advanced level, high grade, senior (n)
中級 ちゅうきゅう intermediate level (n)

566

dainty, get thin, taper, slender, narrow
ほそ.い, ほそ.る, こま.か, こま.かい
サイ
Compounds:
細い ほそい thin, slender, fine (adj)
細かい こまかい small, fine, minute, minor, trivial, sensitive, attentive (adj)
細やか ささやか meagre, meager, modest (adj-na)
細菌 さいきん bacillus, bacterium, germ (n)
細工 さいく work, craftsmanship, tactics, trick (n, vs)

567

association, braid, plait, construct, assemble, unite, cooperate, grapple
く.む, くみ, -ぐみ

Compounds:
取組む とっくむ to tackle, to wrestle with, to engage in a bout, to come to grips with, to make effort, to strive for (v5m, intransitive verb)
乗組員 のりくみいん crew (n)
組込む くみこむ to insert, to include, to cut in (printing) (v5m, vt)
組み立てる くみたてる to assemble, to set up, to construct (Ichidan verb, vt)
組む くむ to put together (v5m)

568

tie, bind, contract, join, organize, do up hair, fasten
むす.ぶ, ゆ.う, ゆ.わえる
ケツ, ケチ
Compounds:
結び むすび ending, conclusion, union (n)
結ぶ むすぶ to tie, to bind, to link, to bear (fruit) (v5b)
結果 けっか result, consequence (n-adv, n-t)
結核 けっかく tuberculosis, tubercule (n)
結局 けっきょく after all, eventually (n-adv, n)

569

salary, wage, gift, allow, grant, bestow on
たま.う, たも.う, -たま.え
キュウ
Compounds:
給食 きゅうしょく school lunch, providing a meal (n, vs)
給与 きゅうよ pay, salary, wages, allowance, grant, supply (n, vs)
給料 きゅうりょう salary, wages (n)
供給 きょうきゅう supply, provision (n, vs)
月給 げっきゅう monthly salary (n)

570

icture, drawing, painting, sketch
カイ, エ
Compounds:
絵具 えのぐ colors, colours, paints (n)
絵画 かいが picture, painting (n)
絵本 えほん picture book (n)
油絵 あぶらえ oil painting (n)
絵葉書 えはがき picture postcard (n)

571

continue, series, sequel
つづ.く, つづ.ける, つぐ.ない
ゾク, ショク, コウ, キョウ
Compounds:
継続 けいぞく continuation (n, vs, adj-no)
持続 じぞく continuation (n, vs)
接続 せつぞく connection, attachment, union, join, joint, link, changing trains, conjunction (n, vs)
相続 そうぞく succession, inheritance (n, vs)
続出 ぞくしゅつ appearance one after another (n, vs)

572

green
みどり
リョク, ロク
Compounds:
緑 みどり green, greenery (esp. fresh verdure) (n)

573

line, track
すじ
セン
Compounds:
沿線 えんせん along railway line (n, adj-no)
曲線 きょくせん curve (n)
光線 こうせん beam, light ray (n)
新幹線 しんかんせん bullet train (very high speed), Shinkansen (n)
水平線 すいへいせん horizon (related to sea or lakes) (n)

574

practice, gloss, train, drill, polish, refine
ね.る, ね.り
レン
Compounds:
未練 みれん lingering affection, attachment, regret(s), reluctance (adj-na, n)
練る ねる to knead, to work over, to polish up (eg a plan), to drill, to train (v5r, vt)
練習 れんしゅう practice, practise (n, vs)

575

placement, put, set, deposit, leave behind, keep, employ, pawn
お.く, -お.き

Compounds:
処置 しょち treatment, measure, step (n, vs)
設置 せっち establishment, institution (n, vs)
前置き まえおき preface, introduction (n, vs)
措置 そち measure, step (n, vs)
装置 そうち equipment, installation, apparatus, device (n, vs)

576

sheep
ひつじ
ヨウ
Compounds:
羊毛 ようもう wool (n)

577

beauty, beautiful
うつく.しい
ビ, ミ
Compounds:
美事 みごと splendid, magnificent, beautiful, admirable, praiseworthy act, feat, commendable deed (adj-na, n)
讃美 さんび praise, adoration, glorification (n, vs)
美 び beauty (n, n-suf)
美しい うつくしい beautiful, lovely (adj)
美化 びか beautification, glorification (n, vs)

578

eathers, counter for birds, rabbits
は, わ, はね

Compounds:
羽子 はね feather, plume, wing, blade (fan, propeller, etc.) (n, n)
羽ばたく はばたく to flap (wings) (v5k, intransitive verb)
羽織 はおり haori (Japanese formal coat) (n)
羽 ぱ counter for birds and rabbits (counter)

579

old man, old age, grow old
お.いる, ふ.ける
ロウ
Compounds:
敬老 けいろう respect for the aged (n)
老いる おいる to age, to grow old (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)
老後 ろうご old age (n)
老人 ろうじん the aged, old person (n)
老若 ろうじゃく young and old, all ages (n, adj-na)

580

bring up, grow up, raise, rear
そだ.つ, そだ.ち, そだ.てる, はぐく.む
イク
Compounds:
育ち そだち breeding, growth (n)
育つ そだつ to be raised (eg child), to be brought up, to grow (up) (v5t, intransitive verb)
育児 いくじ childcare, nursing, upbringing (n, vs)
教育 きょういく training, education (n, adj-no, vs)
飼育 しいく breeding, raising, rearing (n, vs)

581

stomach, paunch, crop, craw

Compounds:
胃 い stomach (n)
胃腸 いちょう stomach, gastrointestine (adj-na, n)

582

vein, pulse, hope
すじ
ミャク
Compounds:
山脈 やまなみ mountain range (n)
動脈 どうみゃく artery (n)
文脈 ぶんみゃく context (n)
脈 みゃく pulse (n)
脈絡 みゃくらく chain of reasoning, logical connection, coherence, context (n)

583

intestines, guts, bowels, viscera
はらわた
チョウ
Compounds:
胃腸 いちょう stomach, gastrointestine (adj-na, n)
腸 わた guts, bowels, intestines (n)
盲腸 もうちょう appendix, caecum (n)

584

retainer, subject
シン, ジン
Compounds:
総理大臣 そうりだいじん Prime Minister (n)
大臣 だいじん cabinet minister (n)

585

navigate, sail, cruise, fly
コウ
Compounds:
航海 こうかい sail, voyage (n, vs)
航空 こうくう aviation, flying (n)
航空機 こうくうき aircraft, aeroplane, airplane (n)
航空便 こうくうびん air mail (n)
航路 こうろ course, (sea) route, run (n)

586

hip, boat
ふね, ふな-
セン
Compounds:
汽船 きせん steamship, steamboat, steamer (n)
漁船 ぎょせん fishing boat (n)
船長 せんちょう ship's captain (n)
船舶 せんぱく ship (n)
船便 ふなびん surface mail (ship) (n)

587

good, pleasing, skilled
よ.い, -よ.い, い.い, -い.い
リョウ
Compounds:
改良 かいりょう improvement, reform (n, vs)
仲良く なかよく making friends with, getting along well with, on cordial terms (adv, n, vs)
不良 ふりょう badness, delinquent, inferiority, failure (adj-na, n)
良好 りょうこう favorable, favourable, satisfactory (adj-na, n)
良心 りょうしん conscience (n)

588

technique, art, craft, performance, acting, trick, stunt
う.える, のり, わざ
ゲイ, ウン
Compounds:
園芸 えんげい horticulture, gardening (n)
芸術 げいじゅつ (fine) art, the arts (n)
芸能 げいのう public entertainment, accomplishments, attainments (n)
工芸 こうげい industrial arts (n)
文芸 ぶんげい literature, art and literature, belles-lettres (n)

589

bud, sprout, spear, germ


Compounds:
芽 め sprout (n)
発芽 はつが burgeoning (n, vs)

590

suffering, trial, worry, hardship, feel bitter, scowl
くる.しい, -ぐる.しい, くる.しむ, くる.しめる, にが.い, にが.る

Compounds:
ご苦労様 ごくろうさま thank you very much for your ..., I appreciate your efforts (exp, adj-na)
苦い にがい bitter (adj)
苦しい くるしい painful, difficult (adj)
苦しみ くるしみ pain, anguish, distress, suffering, hardship (n)
苦しむ くるしむ to suffer, to groan, to be worried (v5m, intransitive verb)

591

grass, weeds, herbs, pasture, write, draft
くさ, くさ-, -ぐさ
ソウ
Compounds:
雑草 ざっそう weed (n)
草 くさ grass (n)
草花 そうか flower, flowering plant (n)
草原 くさはら grass-covered plain, grasslands, meadows, savannah, prairie, steppe (n)
草履 ぞうり zori (Japanese footwear sandals) (n)

592

baggage, shoulder-pole load, bear (a burden), shoulder (a gun), load, cargo, freight


Compounds:
荷 に load, baggage, cargo (n)
荷造り にづくり packing, baling, crating (n, vs)
荷物 にもつ luggage, baggage, payload (of a packet, cell, etc.) (n)
出荷 しゅっか shipping, outgoing freight, forwarding (n, vs)
入荷 にゅうか arrival of goods, goods received (n, vs)

593

fall, drop, come down
お.ちる, お.ち, お.とす
ラク
Compounds:
一段落 ひとだんらく pause (n, vs)
落ち入る おちいる to fall, to trap, to cave in, to collapse (v5r, intransitive verb)
見落す みおとす to overlook, to fail to notice, to miss (seeing) (v5s, vt)
聚落 じゅらく village, community, settlement, town, colony (animals, etc.) (n)
堕落 だらく depravity, corruption, degradation (n, vs)

594

leaf, plane, lobe, needle, blade, spear, counter for flat things, fragment, piece

ヨウ
Compounds:
言葉使い ことばづかい speech, expression, wording (n, vs)
木ノ葉 きのは foliage, leaves of trees (n)
葉 は leaf (n)
黄葉 もみじ autumn colours, fall colors, leaves changing color (colour), leaves turning red, red leaves (n, vs, n)
枝葉 しよう leaves and branches, side issues, foliage (n)

595

insect, bug, temper
むし
チュウ, キ
Compounds:
害虫 がいちゅう harmful insect, noxious insect (n)
昆虫 こんちゅう insect, bug (n)
弱虫 よわむし coward, weakling (n)
虫 むし insect (n)

596

blood

ケツ
Compounds:
血 ち blood, consanguinity (n)
血圧 けつあつ blood pressure (n)
血液 けつえき blood (n)
血縁 けつえん blood relative or relationship, consanguinity (n)
血管 けっかん blood vessel (n)

597

boulevard, street, town
まち
ガイ, カイ
Compounds:
街頭 がいとう in the street (n)
街道 かいどう highway (esp. one existing from the Edo period), main road (n)
市街 しがい urban areas, the streets, town, city (n)
街 ちょう town, block, neighborhood, street, road, 109.09 m, 0.99 hectares (n)
街並 まちなみ street (of stores and houses), townscape, (look of) stores and houses on street (n)

598

garment, clothes, dressing
ころも, きぬ, -ぎ
イ, エ
Compounds:
衣裳 いしょう clothing, costume, outfit, garment, dress (n)
衣食住 いしょくじゅう necessities of life (food, clothing and shelter) (n)
衣服 いふく clothes (n)
衣料 いりょう clothing (n)
更衣室 こういしつ locker room, changing room, dressing room (n)

599

surface, table, chart, diagram
おもて, -おもて, あらわ.す, あらわ.れる, あら.わす
ヒョウ
Compounds:
公表 こうひょう official announcement, proclamation (n, vs)
図表 ずひょう chart, diagram, graph, figure (n)
代表 だいひょう representative, representation, delegation, type, example, model (n, vs)
発表 はっぴょう announcement, publication (n, vs)
表 おもて surface, face (ie visible side of an object), front (of a building) of a coin etc (n)

600

need, main point, essence, pivot, key to
い.る
ヨウ
Compounds:
強要 きょうよう coercion, extortion (n, vs)
主要 しゅよう chief, main, principal, major (adj-na, n)
需要 じゅよう demand, request (n)
重要 じゅうよう important, momentous, essential, principal, major (adj-na, n)
不必要 ふひつよう unnecessary (adj-na, n)

601

memorize, learn, remember, awake, sober up
おぼ.える, さ.ます, さ.める, さと.る
カク
Compounds:
覚え おぼえ memory, sense, experience (n)
覚悟 かくご resolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness (n, vs)
感覚 かんかく sense, sensation (n, vs)
幻覚 げんかく hallucination, illusion (n)
錯覚 さっかく optical illusion, hallucination (n, vs)

602

outlook, look, appearance, condition, view
み.る, しめ.す
カン
Compounds:
外観 がいかん appearance, exterior, facade (n)
楽観的 らっかんてき optimistic, hopeful (adj-na)
観客 かんきゃく audience, spectator(s) (n)
観光 かんこう sightseeing (n, vs)
観察 かんさつ observation, survey (n, vs)

603

angle, corner, square, horn, antlers
かど, つの
カク
Compounds:
町角 まちかど street corner (n)
角 かど corner (eg desk, pavement), edge (n)
角度 かくど angle (n)
曲り角 まがりかど street corner, road turn, bend in the road, turning point (n)
三角 さんかく triangle, triangular (n)

604

instruction, Japanese character reading, explanation, read
おし.える, よ.む, くん.ずる
クン, キン
Compounds:
訓える おしえる to teach, to inform, to instruct (Ichidan verb, vt)
教訓 きょうくん lesson, precept, moral instruction (n, vs)
訓連 くんれん practice, practise, training (n, vs)
特訓 とっくん special training, intensive training, crash course (n, vs)

605

scribe, account, narrative
しる.す

Compounds:
記す しるす to note, to write down (v5s)
記憶 きおく memory, recollection, remembrance, storage (n, vs)
記号 きごう symbol, code, sign (n, adj-no)
記事 きじ article, news story, report, account (n)
記者 きしゃ reporter (n)

606

poem, poetry
うた

Compounds:
詩 うた song, classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka), modern poetry (n)
詩人 しじん poet (n)
詩歌 しか Japanese (and Chinese) poetry (n)

607

chapter, lesson, section, department, division, counter for chapters (of a book)

Compounds:
課 か lesson, section (in an organization), division, department, counter for lessons and chapters (of a book) (n, n-suf, counter)
課税 かぜい taxation (n, vs)
課題 かだい subject, theme, task (n)
課長 かちょう section manager, section chief (n)
課程 かてい course, curriculum (n)

608
調
tune, tone, meter, key (music), writing style, prepare, exorcise, investigate
しら.べる, しら.べ, ととの.う, ととの.える
チョウ
Compounds:
下調べ したしらべ preliminary investigation, preparation (n, vs)
強調 きょうちょう emphasis, highlight, stress, stressed point (n, vs)
好調 こうちょう favourable, favorable, promising, satisfactory, in good shape (adj-na, n)
順調 じゅんちょう favourable, favorable, doing well, OK, all right (adj-na, n)
体調 たいちょう physical condition (n)

609

discuss, talk
ダン
Compounds:
縁談 えんだん marriage proposal, engagement (n)
会談 かいだん conversation, conference, discussion, interview (n, vs)
座談会 ざだんかい symposium, round-table discussion (n)
雑談 ざつだん chatting, idle talk (n, vs)
商談 しょうだん business discussion, negotiation (n, vs)

610

deliberation, consultation, debate, consideration

Compounds:
会議 かいぎ meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress (n, vs)
議員 ぎいん member of the Diet, congress or parliament (n)
議会 ぎかい Diet, congress, parliament (n)
議決 ぎけつ resolution, decision, vote (n, vs)
議題 ぎだい topic of discussion, agenda (n)

611

valley
たに, きわ.まる
コク
Compounds:

612

eans, pea, midget
まめ, まめ-
トウ, ズ
Compounds:
小豆 あずき adzuki beans (n)
大豆 だいず soya bean (soybean), soy (Glycine max) (n)
豆腐 とうふ tofu, bean-curd (n)
納豆 なっとう natto (fermented soybeans) (n)

613

elephant, pattern after, imitate, image, shape, sign (of the times)
かたど.る
ショウ, ゾウ
Compounds:
印象 いんしょう impression (n, vs)
気象 きしょう weather, climate (n)
現象 げんしょう phenomenon (n)
象徴 しょうちょう symbol (n, vs)
対象 たいしょう target, object (of worship, study, etc.), subject (of taxation, etc.) (n)

614

shellfish
かい
バイ
Compounds:
貝 かい shell, shellfish (n)
貝がら かいがら shell (n)

615

defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
ま.ける, ま.かす, お.う

Compounds:
勝負 しょうぶ victory or defeat, match, contest, game, bout (n, vs)
背負う しょう to be burdened with, to carry on back or shoulder (v5s, vt)
負う おう to bear, to owe (v5s, vt)
負け まけ defeat, loss, losing (a game) (n)
負ける まける to lose, to be defeated (Ichidan verb, intransitive verb)

616

freight, goods, property
たから

Compounds:
貨車 かしゃ freight car, van (n)
貨物 かぶつ cargo, freight, money or assets (n)
貨幣 かへい money, currency, coinage (n)
外貨 がいか imported goods, foreign money (n)
硬貨 こうか coin (n)

617

savings, store, lay in, keep, wear mustache
た.める, たくわ.える
チョ
Compounds:
貯金 ちょきん (bank) savings (n, vs)
貯える たくわえる to store, to lay in stock (Ichidan verb, vt)

618

expense, cost, spend, consume, waste
つい.やす, つい.える

Compounds:
会費 かいひ membership fee (n)
学費 がくひ tuition, school expenses (n)
経費 けいひ expenses, cost, outlay (n)
交通費 こうつうひ traveling expenses, travelling expenses, carfare (n)
光熱費 こうねつひ cost of fuel and light (n)

619

prize, reward, praise
ほ.める
ショウ
Compounds:
観賞 かんしょう admiration, enjoyment (n, vs)
鑑賞 かんしょう appreciation (eg of art), aesthetic sense (n, vs)
懸賞 けんしょう offering prizes, winning, reward (n)
賞 しょう prize, award (n, n-suf)
賞金 しょうきん prize, monetary award (n)

620

ath, route, road, distance
-じ, みち
ロ, ル
Compounds:
回路 かいろ circuit (electric) (n)
航路 こうろ course, (sea) route, run (n)
高速道路 こうそくどうろ highway, freeway, expressway, motorway (n)
十字路 じゅうじろ crossroads (n)
進路 しんろ route, course, career, university choices, course (of future life) (n)

621

somebody, person, one's station in life

シン
Compounds:
刺し身 さしみ sashimi (sliced raw fish) (n)
自身 じしん by oneself, personally (n)
受け身 うけみ passive, passive voice (adj-na, n)
出身 しゅっしん person's origin (town, city, country, etc.), institution from which one graduated (n)
上半身 じょうはんしん upper half of body, bust (n)

622

army, force, troops, war, battle
グン
Compounds:
海軍 かいぐん navy (n)
空軍 くうぐん Air Force (n)
軍 ぐん army, force, troops (n, n-suf)
軍拡 ぐんかく military expansion, expansion of armaments (n)
軍艦 ぐんかん warship, battleship (n)

623

wheel, ring, circle, link, loop, counter for wheels and flowers

リン
Compounds:
車輪 しゃりん (car) wheel (n)
年輪 ねんりん annual tree ring (n)
輪ゴム わゴム rubber band (n)
輪廓 りんかく contours, outlines, features (n)

624

resign, word, term, expression
や.める, いな.む

Compounds:
御辞儀 おじぎ bow (n, vs)
御世辞 おせじ flattery, compliment (n)
辞 けとば language, dialect, word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark, speech, (manner of) speaking (n)
辞書 じしょ dictionary, lexicon, letter of resignation (n)
辞職 じしょく resignation (n, vs)

625

agriculture, farmers
ノウ
Compounds:
農家 のうか farmer, farm family (n)
農協 のうきょう agricultural cooperative (n)
農業 のうぎょう agriculture (n)
農耕 のうこう farming, agriculture (n)
農場 のうじょう farm (agriculture) (n)

626

environs, boundary, border, vicinity
あた.り, ほと.り, -べ
ヘン
Compounds:
海辺 かいへん beach, seashore (n)
岸辺 きしべ bank (of a river) (n)
周辺 しゅうへん circumference, outskirts, environs, around, in the area of, in the vicinity of, (computer) peripheral (n)
浜辺 はまべ beach, foreshore (n)
辺 へん area, vicinity, side (of triangle, rectangle, etc.), circumstances (n)

627

return, answer, fade, repay
かえ.す, -かえ.す, かえ.る, -かえ.る
ヘン
Compounds:
引返す ひきかえす to repeat, to send back, to bring back, to retrace one's steps (v5s, vt)
恩返し おんがえし requital of a favour, requital of a favor (n, vs)
繰返す くりかえす to repeat, to do something over again (v5s, intransitive verb)
言返す いいかえす to repeat, to talk back, to answer back (v5s, vt)
取返す とりかえす to regain, to recover, to get back (v5s, vt)

628

chase, drive away, follow, pursue, meanwhile
お.う
ツイ
Compounds:
追いこす おいこす to pass (eg car), to outdistance, to outstrip (v5s, vt)
追い込む おいこむ to herd, to corner, to drive (v5m, vt)
追い出す おいだす to expel, to drive out (v5s, vt)
追加 ついか addition, supplement, append (eg to a file), appendix (n, vs)
追及 ついきゅう investigation (eg into someone's guilt), questioning, pressing, catching up, overtaking (n, vs)

629

quick, fast
はや.い, はや-, はや.める, すみ.やか
ソク
Compounds:
加速 かそく acceleration (n, vs)
快速 かいそく high speed, celerity, mobility, express (train that bypasses many stations) (adj-na, n)
急速 きゅうそく rapid (eg progress) (adj-na, n)
減速 げんそく deceleration (n, vs)
高速 こうそく high speed, high gear, highway, freeway, expressway, motorway (adj-na, n)

630

ake along, lead, join, connect, party, gang, clique
つら.なる, つら.ねる, つ.れる, -づ.れ
レン
Compounds:
訓連 くんれん practice, practise, training (n, vs)
国連 こくれん UN, United Nations (n)
連ねる つらねる to link, to join, to put together (Ichidan verb, vt)
連れ つれ companion, company (n, vs)
連れる つれる to lead, to take (a person) (Ichidan verb)

631

play
あそ.ぶ, あそ.ばす
ユウ, ユ
Compounds:
遊び あそび playing (n, n-suf)
遊ぶ あそぶ to play, to make a visit (esp. for pleasure), to be idle, to do nothing (v5b, intransitive verb)
遊園地 ゆうえんち amusement park (n)

632

ccomplished, reach, arrive, attain
-たち
タツ, ダ
Compounds:
私達 わたくしたち we, us (n)
上達 じょうたつ improvement, advance, progress (n, vs)
速達 そくたつ express, special delivery (n, vs)
達する たっする to reach, to get to (suru verb - special class)
達成 たっせい achievement (n, vs)

633

elect, select, choose, prefer
えら.ぶ
セン
Compounds:
選挙 せんきょ election (n, vs)
選手 せんしゅ player (in game), team member (n)
選出 せんしゅつ election (n, vs)
選択 せんたく selection, choice, option (n, vs)
選定 せんてい selection (n, vs)

634

county, district
こうり
グン
Compounds:
郡 こおり district, county (n)

635

section, bureau, dept, class, copy, part, portion, counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
-べ

Compounds:
一部 いちぶ one part, one portion, one section, some, one copy (eg of a document) (n-adv, n)
一部分 いちぶぶん part, portion, section (n)
外部 がいぶ the outside, external (n, adj-no)
学部 がくぶ department of a university, undergraduate (n)
幹部 かんぶ management, (executive) staff, leaders (n)

636

distribute, spouse, exile, rationing
くば.る
ハイ
Compounds:
気配 きはい indication, sign, hint, presence, trend, quotation (esp. stock market) (n)
勾配 こうばい slope, incline, gradient, grade, pitch (n)
支配 しはい rule, control, direction (n, vs)
手配 てはい arrangement, search (by police) (n, vs)
心配 しんぱい worry, concern, anxiety, care (adj-na, n, vs)

637

sake, alcohol
さけ, さか-
シュ
Compounds:
居酒屋 いざかや bar, pub, tavern (n)
禁酒 きんしゅ prohibition, temperance, abstinence (n, vs)
酒 さけ alcohol, sake (n)
酒屋 さかや liquor store, wine shop, bottle shop, sake dealer, liquor-store owner, brewer (n)
日本酒 にほんしゅ sake, Japanese rice wine (n)

638

i, village, parent's home, league
さと

Compounds:
郷里 きょうり birth-place, home town (n)
里 り ri (old Japanese unit of distance, approx. 3.927km or 2.44 miles), neighbourhood (under the ritsuryo system; orig. of 50 homes), unit of area (approx. 654m by 654m) (n)
旧里 きゅうり home town, birthplace, old village, historic village, native place, one's old home (n)

639

quantity, measure, weight, amount, consider, estimate, surmise
はか.る
リョウ
Compounds:
質量 しつりょう mass (n)
重量 じゅうりょう weight, heavyweight boxer (n)
数量 すうりょう quantity, volume (n)
測量 そくりょう measurement, surveying (n, vs)
多量 たりょう large quantity (adj-na, n)

640

iron
くろがね
テツ
Compounds:
国鉄 こくてつ national railway (n)
私鉄 してつ private railway (n)
製鉄 せいてつ iron manufacture (n)
地下鉄 ちかてつ underground train, subway (n)
鉄 てつ iron (n)

641

record
ロク
Compounds:
記録 きろく record, minutes, document, a record (eg in sports), results, score, to record, to document, to set a record (eg in sports), to show a result, to reach a value (n, vs)
登録 とうろく registration, accession, register, entry, record (n, vs)
目録 もくろく catalogue, catalog, list (n)
録音 ろくおん (audio) recording (n, vs)
録音テープ ろくおんテープ audio tape, magnetic tape (n)

642

mirror, speculum, barrel-head, round rice-cake offering
かがみ
キョウ, ケイ
Compounds:
鏡 かがみ mirror (n)
顕微鏡 けんびきょう microscope (n)
望遠鏡 ぼうえんきょう telescope (n)
眼鏡 めがね spectacles, glasses (n)

643

connection, barrier, gateway, involve, concerning
せき, -ぜき, かか.わる, からくり, かんぬき
カン
Compounds:
関する かんする to concern, to be related (suru verb - special class)
関係 かんけい relation, connection (n, vs)
関心 かんしん concern, interest (n)
関税 かんぜい customs, duty, tariff (n)
関節 かんせつ joints (knee joint, elbow joint, etc.) (n)

644

and, six
おか
リク, ロク
Compounds:
上陸 じょうりく landing, disembarkation (n, vs)
大陸 たいりく continent (n)
着陸 ちゃくりく landing, alighting, touch down (n, vs)
内陸 ないりく inland (n)
離陸 りりく takeoff (n, vs)

645

sunshine, yang principle, positive, male, heaven, daytime

ヨウ
Compounds:
太陽 たいよう sun, solar (n)
陽気 ようき cheerful, merry, season, weather (adj-na, n)
陽当たり ひあたり exposure to the sun, sunny place, per day (n)
陽射し ひざし sunlight, rays of the sun (n)
陽 よう yang, sunlight-side, warmth, sunshine, surface, appearances (n)

646

regiment, party, company, squad
タイ
Compounds:
機動隊 きどうたい riot police, riot squad (n)
軍隊 ぐんたい army, troops (n)
自衛隊 じえいたい self-defence force, self-defense force, Japan Self-Defence Force, JSDF (n)
兵隊 へいたい soldier, sailor (n)

647

storey, stair, counter for storeys of a building
きざはし
カイ
Compounds:
階 かい stories, storeys, counter for storeys and floors of a building (n, n-suf, counter)
階級 かいきゅう class, rank, grade (n)
階段 かいだん stairs, stairway, staircase (n)
段階 だんかい gradation, grade, stage, steps, order, class, phase (n)
中産階級 ちゅうさんかいきゅう middle class, bourgeoisie (n)

648

snow
ゆき
セツ
Compounds:
初雪 はつゆき first snow (of season) (n)
吹雪 ふぶき snow storm (n)
積雪 せきせつ fallen snow (n)
雪 ゆき snow (n)
雪融け ゆきどけ snow thaw, thawing (n, vs)

649

cloud
くも, -ぐも
ウン
Compounds:
雲 くも cloud (n)

650

quiet
しず-, しず.か, しず.まる, しず.める
セイ, ジョウ
Compounds:
安静 あんせい rest (adj-na, n)
静止 せいし stillness, repose, standing still (n, vs)
静粛 せいしゅく silent (adj-na, n)
冷静 れいせい calm, composure, coolness, serenity (adj-na, n)

651

mask, face, features, surface
おも, おもて, つら
メン, ベン
Compounds:
一面 いちめん one face, one surface, the whole surface, one aspect, one side, (on) the other hand, one broad, flat object, front page (n, n, n-adv)
仮面 かめん mask, disguise (n)
画面 がめん terminal screen, scene, picture, the field (in TV), photo (n)
海面 かいめん sea level, (surface of) sea (n)
外面 げめん outer surface, outward appearance, outside, exterior, outside, outer, outward, exterior, external (n, adj-no)

652

obey, order, turn, right, docility, occasion
ジュン
Compounds:
手順 てじゅん process, procedure, sequence, protocol, instruction (n)
順 じゅん order, turn (adj-na, n, n-suf)
順位 じゅんい order, rank, precedence (n)
順序 じゅんじょ order, sequence, procedure (n)
順調 じゅんちょう favourable, favorable, doing well, OK, all right (adj-na, n)

653

petition, request, vow, wish, hope
ねが.う, -ねがい
ガン
Compounds:
願い ねがい desire, wish, request, prayer, petition, application (n)
願う ねがう to desire, to wish, to hope, to beg, to request, to implore, to pray, to have something done for oneself (v5s, vt, auxiliary verb)
願書 がんしょ written application or petition (n)
祈願 きがん prayer (n, vs)
出願 しゅつがん application (n, vs)

654

sort, kind, variety, class, genus
たぐ.い
ルイ
Compounds:
種類 しゅるい variety, kind, type, category, counter for different sorts of things (n, counter)
書類 しょるい documents, official papers (n)
親類 しんるい relation, kin (n)
人類 じんるい mankind, humanity (n)
同類 どうるい the same kind, accomplice (n)

655

fly, skip (pages), scatter
と.ぶ, と.ばす, -と.ばす

Compounds:
飛上がる とびあがる to spring, to jump up, to fly up, to skip (v5r, intransitive verb)
飛ばす とばす to fly, to fire, to hurl, to skip over, to omit, to drop (eg stitch), to run or drive fast, to gallop, to spread a rumour (rumor), to tell a story, to remove, to get rid of, to transfer, to attack, to jeer at (v5s, vt)
飛行 ひこう aviation (n, vs)
飛行機 ひこうき aeroplane, airplane, aircraft (n)
飛行場 ひこうじょう airfield, airport (n)

656

foster, bring up, rear, develop, nurture
やしな.う
ヨウ, リョウ
Compounds:
営養 えいよう nutrition, nourishment (n)
休養 きゅうよう rest, break, recreation (n, vs)
教養 きょうよう culture, education, refinement, cultivation (n, vs)
扶養 ふよう support, maintenance (n, vs)
養う やしなう to rear, to maintain, to support (eg family), to cultivate (v5s, vt)

657

horse
うま, うま-, ま

Compounds:
競馬 けいば horse racing (n)
馬 うま horse, promoted bishop (shogi) (n)

658

chirp, cry, bark, sound, ring, echo, honk
な.く, な.る, な.らす
メイ
Compounds:
怒鳴る どなる to shout, to yell (v5r, intransitive verb)
悲鳴 ひめい shriek, scream (n, vs)
鳴らす ならす to ring, to sound, to chime, to beat, to snort (nose) (v5s, vt)
鳴る なる to sound, to ring, to resound, to echo, to roar, to rumble (v5r, intransitive verb)

659

barley, wheat
むぎ
バク
Compounds:
蕎麦 そまむぎ buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), soba (Japanese buckwheat noodles) (n)
小麦 こむぎ wheat (n)
小麦粉 こむぎこ wheat flour (n)
大麦 おおむぎ barley (Hordeum vulgare) (n)
麦 むぎ wheat, barley, oat (oats) (n)

660

yellow
き, こ-
コウ, オウ
Compounds:
黄色い きいろい yellow (adj)
黄昏 こうこん dusk, twilight (n)
黄色 おうしょく yellow, amber (adj-na, n)
黄葉 もみじ autumn colours, fall colors, leaves changing color (colour), leaves turning red, red leaves (n, vs, n)

661

nose, snout
はな

Compounds:
耳鼻科 じびか otolaryngology, concerning the ear, nose, and throat (n)
鼻 はな nose (n)


Credits: Peter van der Woude
http://www.jlptstudy.net/
Updated: 2014-6-24